Pakistan - land of Islam
Pakistan was only founded in 1947. Since then, the country has seen four
military regimes. Due to the difficult conflict between India and Pakistan over
the Kashmir region, there was nuclear armament on both sides, as a result of
which Pakistan became a nuclear power.
Pakistani culture is shaped and permeated by Islam. Religion affects all areas
of daily life. The geographical conditions show a dry country; about one third
of Pakistan is of desert covered and mountainous. The Hindu Kush, Karakoram
Mountains, Pamir Mountains, and the Western Himalayas stretch across the
country. Many areas in these regions are still not fully explored and developed.
The city of Lahore and the port city of Karachi are particularly worth
seeing, but also the ruined cities of Moerjodaro and Taxila, the Buddhist ruins
of Takht-i-Bahi, the fortress and Shalimar gardens in Lahore, the ruins and city
of the dead of Thatta and the fortress Rohtas, the are all part of the world
The country had a bad day with the murder of Benazir Bhutto on December 27,
2007, who was killed by a suicide bomber.
But that was nothing compared to the flood disaster of August 2010. These floods
affected up to 20 million people who were left homeless, making it the worst
natural disaster the country had in recent years. Huge areas of land were under
water and up to 2,000 people were killed. In view of the disaster, there was an
almost complete breakdown of the infrastructure. of the country
||Islamic Republic of Pakistan
|Name in Urdu
|Islami Jumhuriat Pakistan
Islamic Republic of Pakistan
|Form of government
||Parliamentary democracy, but de facto a predial regime
||Southern part of Central Asia
||Pak sarzamin shad bad
||August 14, 1947
||172.8 million (Credit:
5% Baluch and
about 1.2 million refugees from Afghanistan
||approx. 97% Muslims (mainly Sunnis and approx. 15-20% Shiites)
approx. 3% Hindus, Christians etc.
||The official languages are Urdu and English.
The most important regional languages are Punjabi, Sindhi, Pashtu,
Seraiki and Baluchi
||Islamabad - with an estimated 1 million residents
||approx. 800,000 km²
||The K2 with a height of 8,611 m
||The Indus with a length of 2,900 km
||Hâmûn-i Mâshkel with an extension of 85 km in length and 35 km in
|International license plate
||1 Pakistani rupee = 100 Paisa)
|Time difference to CET
||+ 4 h
|International phone code
||230 volts and 50 hertz
|Internet TLD (Top Level Domain)
From 400 BC Until about 400 BC the Buddhist Gandhara culture prevailed
in what is now Pakistan. From this
area Buddhism spread to China and Japan. From 712 it came to Islam ization of
the region, which formed the basis for the later emergence of Pakistan. The
Muslim Mughal dynasty ruled what is now Pakistan from the
mid-16th to the 19th centuries. The city of Lahore was one of
the centers of Islamic culture.
Abbreviationfinder website, in the 19th century, the British took the provinces of what is now
Pakistan. Due to the differences between Hindus and Muslims, the British
protectorate in India and Pakistan was divided in 1947. Since the founding of
the state in 1947, the military has taken power in Pakistan four times. In 1971,
East Pakistan split off and declared itself independent as Bangladesh.
Constitutional amendments under General Zia ul-Haq in 1985
pushed the Islamization of society forward and put a strain on democratic
institutions. In 1988, after the death of General Zia, the
party leader of the PPP Benazir Bhutto became Prime Minister
for 20 months. In 1990 she was deposed and Nawaz Sharif was appointed
Prime Minister. Benazir Bhutto formed the federal government. In 1997, after
parliament was again dissolved by the President, the PML-N won an overwhelming
victory with Chairman Nawaz Sharif. The religious-conservative Mohammad
Rafiq Tarar, nominated by Prime Minister Sharif, was elected the 9th
President of Pakistan in 1997.
After the Kashmir crisis in 1999, tensions arose between
Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif and his army chief, Perez Musharraf. General
Musharraf took power in a bloodless military coup. In 2001, President Musharraf
and Indian Prime Minister AB Vajpayee met for talks, but a
joint final declaration failed due to the differing views on the Kashmir
region. In 2001, President Musharraf pledged full and unreserved support
to the United States in the fight against terrorism, thereby opposing the Taliban, which
had previously been supported by Pakistan. In a keynote address, President
Musharraf rejected terror, intolerance and extremist violence. As a result, five
militant organizations were banned. The newly formed PML-Q emerged
victorious from the parliamentary elections in 2002. With the support of
defectors, it forms the government of Prime Minister Jamali. According
to EU observers, the opposition parties have been hampered.
In 2002 the Indian-Pakistani relationship escalated again. Troops marched on
both sides of the border. A constitutional amendment in 2003 gave the president
far-reaching powers. President Musharraf promised to step down from the army
chief by the end of 2004, from which he stepped down again in 2004. Two attacks
on President Musharraf followed, both of which he survived.
In 2004, President Musharraf and Indian Prime Minister Vajpayee came to an
agreement on all issues, including the Kashmiri conflict. After Musharraf's
forced and bloodless resignation on August 18, 2008, Asif Ali Zardari
was legally elected as the new president on September 6, 2008 by the
two chambers and a number of provincial governors. He took office on August 6,
2008 - he was sworn in on September 9, 2008.
Former cricketer Imran Ahmad Khan Niazi (born 1952) has been the country's prime
minister since August 18, 2018.
On September 9, 2018, Arif Alvi (born 1949) became president of the country.