Local Colleges and Universities
Europe Africa Central America South America
Asia Oceania North America  

You are here: Home > Oceania > Northern Mariana Islands

Northern Mariana Islands

The islands of the Northern Mariana Islands are located in the northwestern Pacific, east of the Phillipines and west of Hawaii. They belong to Micronesia, which also includes the Federated States of Micronesia, Guam, Nauru, the Marshall Islands, Kiribati, the US Territories in the Pacific and Palau. The island state is made up of 14 islands of volcanic origin, only six of which are inhabited. About 90% of the population live on Saipan.

There are active volcanoes on Pagan and Agrihan. The planes that dropped the bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki in 1945 took off from here.

Northern Mariana Islands

Today, a very large part of Tinian Island is leased to the American military.

In the vicinity you will find the Mariana Trench of the same name, in which, at a depth of 11,770 m, is the deepest sea point in the world.

Name of the country Commonwealth of the Northern Marianas

Commonwealth of the Northern Marianas

Form of government American outskirts
Location In the northwest Pacific, east of the Phillipines and west of Hawaii; around 13 -20 north latitude and 140 east longitude.
National anthem The American national anthem and, as the local anthem, Gi Talo 'Gi Halom Tasi
Population approx.61,500 (Credit: Countryaah: Northern Mariana Islands Facts)
Ethnicities Filipinos around 34%, Chamorro 30%, Chinese 12%, Micronesians 8%, Carolinians 5%
Religion The population is predominantly Catholic with 60%, 19% are Protestants. There are also Baptists, Methodists, Mormons, Korean Prebysterians, Evangelicans and the 7th day Adventists.
Languages English, Chromatic, Carolinian
Capital The island of Saipan, with about 50,000 residents
Surface 477 km²
Highest mountain The highest mountain in the country is an unnamed location on the island of Agrihan, with a height of 965 m.
Longest river Okgok Stream on Rota
International license plate United States
Currency U.S. dollar
Time difference to CET + 9 h
International phone code +1 670
Internet TLD (Top Level Domain) .mp

Northern Mariana Islands: History

Early history

It is believed that the Northern Marianas, like Guam, were settled by Indo-Malay ethnic groups 3,000 years ago.

According to Abbreviationfinder website, the latte stones, which can also be found on Guam, are evidence of the settlement. Scientists believe these stones are the foundations of the houses of eminent people. When the Europeans arrived, however, the culture had already passed its zenith.

On Guam, the southernmost island of the Mariana Islands, which is now an independent state, the houses were used until around 1750.

Northern Mariana Islands: History

The Europeans are coming

When Magellan (1480-1521) discovered the islands in 1521, the Latte spots were deserted. Because of the violent clashes with the islanders, Magellan called the islands Islas de los Ladrones, islands of thieves.

For the Spaniards, the Mariana Islands, especially Guam, were an important stopover on the trade route from Acapulco in Mexico to Manila in the Philippines.

In 1668 the Spaniards established a first mission station and at the same time the first European settlers came to the islands, especially to Guam, which is now an independent state, but culturally and geographically belongs to the Mariana Islands.

The coexistence of the locals with the conquerors was very conflictual. It is believed that of the 50,000 residents before the Europeans arrived, only 2,000 were left.

These represented the Chamorros ethnic group. Almost all of them were resettled to Guam and eventually became Catholics. Some of the islands are more or less uninhabited to this day due to the forced resettlement by the Spaniards.

Towards the beginning of the 19th century, the Saipan group from the Caroline Islands, today's Federated States of Micronesia, was allowed to settle in the Northern Mariana Islands.

After the Spanish-American War in 1898, the Spanish sold all of their islands to Germany, with the exception of Guam, which was claimed by the United States.

1900 - present

With the few Germans, there were only about 20 "officials", the western concept of land ownership and scientific agriculture came to the islands. In general, it was extremely difficult at the time to win over Germans to colonize the islands claimed by Germany.

In 1914, at the beginning of World War I, Japan annexed the islands. The Japanese settled the Northern Mariana Islands with 20,000 civilians who were employed in fishing and sugar cane production.

The islands were then of strategic importance for the war opponents America and Japan as military bases in the Pacific during World War II. As a result, some of the bloodiest fighting between the Japanese and the Americans took place here. In August 1945, the planes took off from Tinian Island and dropped the atomic bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki on August 6 and August 10.

On December 10, 1945, the Japanese surrendered and the Americans took over administration until the islands were placed under the UN's Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands. Before the islands were handed over to the Americans, large numbers of Japanese civilians committed suicide. Whole families threw themselves from the steep sea cliffs, which are also known today as "suicide cliffs". Since 1947 the Americans administered the Trust Territory, which also includes the Republic of Palau, the Federated States of Micronesia and the Marshall Islands.

In 1975 the islanders made a free choice to join the United States. The rest of the Trust Territory went its own way (see the corresponding states).


On January 1, 1978, the Northern Mariana Islands Constitution came into force.

The islanders have been US citizens since then, but without the right to vote in the US. Access to the strategically important military bases is so important to the Americans that the political system outlined below comes in handy for them. In order to continue to secure military access to the islands, considerable sums of money are transferred into the country every year.

Not least because of this, the government is the main employer on the islands, while tourism is the main source of income.





Algeria Angola Afghanistan Armenia Aland Albania
Benin Botswana Azerbaijan Bahrain Andorra Austria
Burkina Faso Burundi Bangladesh Bhutan Belarus Belgium
Cameroon Canary Islands Brunei Cambodia Bulgaria Croatia
Cape Verde Central African Republic China Cyprus Denmark Czech Republic
Chad Comoros East Timor Georgia Estonia Finland
D.R. Congo Djibouti Hong Kong India France Germany
Egypt Equatorial Guinea Indonesia Iran Greece Hungary
Eritrea Ethiopia Iraq Israel Iceland Ireland
Gabon Gambia Japan Jordan Italy Kosovo
Ghana Guinea Kazakhstan Kuwait Latvia Liechtenstein
Guinea-Bissau Ivory Coast Kyrgyzstan Laos Lithuania Luxembourg
Kenya Lesotho Lebanon Macau Macedonia Malta
Liberia Libya Malaysia Maldives Moldova Monaco
Madagascar Malawi Mongolia Myanmar Montenegro Netherlands
Mali Mauritania Nepal North Korea Norway Poland
Mauritius Morocco Oman Pakistan Portugal Romania
Mozambique Namibia Palestine Philippines Russia San Marino
Niger Nigeria Qatar Saudi Arabia Serbia Slovakia
Reunion Republic of the Congo Singapore South Korea Slovenia Spain
Rwanda Sao Tome and Principe Sri Lanka Syria Sweden Switzerland
Senegal Seychelles Taiwan Tajikistan Ukraine Vatican City
Sierra Leone Somalia Thailand Turkey

Central America

South Africa South Sudan Turkmenistan United Arab Emirates Aruba Antigua and Barbuda
Sudan Suriname Uzbekistan Vietnam Bahamas Barbados
Swaziland Tanzania Yemen   Belize Bosnia and Herzegovina
Togo Tunisia


Cuba British Virgin Islands
Uganda Zambia Australia American Samoa Costa Rica Curacao
Zimbabwe   Cook Islands Easter Island Dominica Dominican Republic

South America

Fiji Falkland Islands Ecuador El Salvador
Argentina Bolivia Guam French Polynesia Guadeloupe Guatemala
Brazil Chile Kiribati Marshall Islands Haiti Honduras
Colombia French Guiana Micronesia Nauru Jamaica Martinique
Guyana Nicaragua New Caledonia New Zealand Montserrat Panama
Paraguay Peru Niue Northern Mariana Islands Puerto Rico Saba
Uruguay Venezuela Palau Pitcairn   Trinidad and Tobago

North America

Samoa Papua New Guinea    
Canada Greenland Tokelau Solomon Islands    
Mexico United States Tonga Tuvalu    
    Vanuatu Wallis and Futuna    

AL | AK | AZ | AR | CA | CO | CT | DC | DE | FL | GA | HI | ID | IL | IN | IA | KS | KY | LA | ME | MD | MA | MI | MN | MS | MO

MT | NE | NV | NH | NJ | NM | NY | NC | ND | OH | OK | OR | PA | RI | SC | SD | TN | TX | UT | VT | VA | WA | WV | WI | WY

Home | Community Colleges | Distance Learning All Right Reserved Copyright 2021 Local College Explorer