The islands of the Northern Mariana Islands are located in the northwestern
Pacific, east of the Phillipines and west of Hawaii. They belong to Micronesia,
which also includes the Federated States of Micronesia, Guam, Nauru,
the Marshall Islands, Kiribati, the US Territories in the
Pacific and Palau. The island state is made up of 14 islands of volcanic
origin, only six of which are inhabited. About 90% of the population live on
There are active volcanoes on Pagan and Agrihan. The planes that dropped the
bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki in 1945 took off from here.
Today, a very large part of Tinian Island is leased to the American military.
In the vicinity you will find the Mariana Trench of the same name, in which, at
a depth of 11,770 m, is the deepest sea point in the world.
|Name of the country
||Commonwealth of the Northern Marianas
Commonwealth of the Northern Marianas
|Form of government
||In the northwest Pacific, east of the Phillipines and west of
Hawaii; around 13 ° -20 ° north latitude and 140 ° east longitude.
||The American national anthem and, as the local anthem, Gi Talo 'Gi
Countryaah: Northern Mariana Islands Facts)
||Filipinos around 34%, Chamorro 30%, Chinese 12%, Micronesians 8%,
||The population is predominantly Catholic with 60%, 19% are
Protestants. There are also Baptists, Methodists, Mormons, Korean
Prebysterians, Evangelicans and the 7th day Adventists.
||English, Chromatic, Carolinian
||The island of Saipan, with about 50,000 residents
||The highest mountain in the country is an unnamed location on the
island of Agrihan, with a height of 965 m.
||Okgok Stream on Rota
|International license plate
|Time difference to CET
||+ 9 h
|International phone code
|Internet TLD (Top Level Domain)
Northern Mariana Islands: History
It is believed that the Northern Marianas, like Guam, were settled by
Indo-Malay ethnic groups 3,000 years ago.
Abbreviationfinder website, the latte stones, which can also be found on Guam, are evidence of the
settlement. Scientists believe these stones are the foundations of the houses of
eminent people. When the Europeans arrived, however, the culture had already
passed its zenith.
On Guam, the southernmost island of the Mariana Islands, which is now an
independent state, the houses were used until around 1750.
The Europeans are coming
When Magellan (1480-1521) discovered the islands in 1521, the Latte spots
were deserted. Because of the violent clashes with the islanders, Magellan
called the islands Islas de los Ladrones, islands of thieves.
For the Spaniards, the Mariana Islands, especially Guam, were an important
stopover on the trade route from Acapulco in Mexico to Manila in
In 1668 the Spaniards established a first mission station and at the same time
the first European settlers came to the islands, especially to Guam, which is
now an independent state, but culturally and geographically belongs to the
The coexistence of the locals with the conquerors was very conflictual. It is
believed that of the 50,000 residents before the Europeans arrived, only 2,000
These represented the Chamorros ethnic group. Almost all of them were resettled
to Guam and eventually became Catholics. Some of the islands are more or less
uninhabited to this day due to the forced resettlement by the Spaniards.
Towards the beginning of the 19th century, the Saipan group from the Caroline
Islands, today's Federated States of Micronesia, was allowed to settle in the
Northern Mariana Islands.
After the Spanish-American War in 1898, the Spanish sold all of their islands to
Germany, with the exception of Guam, which was claimed by the United States.
1900 - present
With the few Germans, there were only about 20 "officials", the western
concept of land ownership and scientific agriculture came to the islands. In
general, it was extremely difficult at the time to win over Germans to colonize
the islands claimed by Germany.
In 1914, at the beginning of World War I, Japan annexed the islands. The
Japanese settled the Northern Mariana Islands with 20,000 civilians who were
employed in fishing and sugar cane production.
The islands were then of strategic importance for the war opponents America and
Japan as military bases in the Pacific during World War II. As a result, some of
the bloodiest fighting between the Japanese and the Americans took place
here. In August 1945, the planes took off from Tinian Island and dropped the
atomic bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki on August 6 and August 10.
On December 10, 1945, the Japanese surrendered and the Americans took over
administration until the islands were placed under the UN's Trust Territory of
the Pacific Islands. Before the islands were handed over to the Americans, large
numbers of Japanese civilians committed suicide. Whole families threw themselves
from the steep sea cliffs, which are also known today as "suicide cliffs". Since
1947 the Americans administered the Trust Territory, which also includes the
Republic of Palau, the Federated States of Micronesia and the Marshall Islands.
In 1975 the islanders made a free choice to join the United States. The rest of
the Trust Territory went its own way (see the corresponding states).
On January 1, 1978, the Northern Mariana Islands Constitution came into
The islanders have been US citizens since then, but without the right to vote in
the US. Access to the strategically important military bases is so important to
the Americans that the political system outlined below comes in handy for
them. In order to continue to secure military access to the islands,
considerable sums of money are transferred into the country every year.
Not least because of this, the government is the main employer on the islands,
while tourism is the main source of income.