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Local Colleges and Universities in Illinois

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Local Colleges and Universities in Illinois
There are 253 colleges and universities in the state of Illinois. Refer to the following table to find local schools in Illinois sorted by university name. If you are interested, you can follow the link below to see its specific information. Please understand that all higher educational programs in Illinois are listed here in alphabetical order.

Name of College or University Location
Adler School of Professional Psychology Private not-for-profit, 4-year or above in Chicago, IL
Advocate Illinois Masonic School of Radiologic Technology Private not-for-profit, 2-year in Chicago, IL
Advocate Trinity Hospital School of Radiologic Technology Private not-for-profit, 2-year in Chicago, IL
American Academy of Art Private for-profit, 4-year or above in Chicago, IL
American Intercontinental University Online Private for-profit, 4-year or above in Hoffman Estates, IL
Argosy University-Chicago Private for-profit, 4-year or above in Chicago, IL
Argosy University-Schaumburg Private for-profit, 4-year or above in Schaumburg, IL
Art Institute of Chicago
Augustana College Private not-for-profit, 4-year or above in Rock Island, IL
Aurora University Private not-for-profit, 4-year or above in Aurora, IL
Beck Area Career Center-Red Bud Public, less-than-2-year in Red Bud, IL
Benedictine University Private not-for-profit, 4-year or above in Lisle, IL
BIR Training Center Private for-profit, less-than-2-year in Chicago, IL
Black Hawk College Public, 2-year in Moline, IL
Blackburn College Private not-for-profit, 4-year or above in Carlinville, IL
Blessing Hospital School of Radiologic Technology Private not-for-profit, 2-year in Quincy, IL
Blessing Rieman College of Nursing Private not-for-profit, 4-year or above in Quincy, IL
Bradley University Private not-for-profit, 4-year or above in Peoria, IL
Brown Mackie College-Moline Private for-profit, less-than-2-year in Moline, IL
Cain's Barber College Inc Private for-profit, less-than-2-year in Chicago, IL
CALC Institute of Technology Private for-profit, less-than-2-year in Alton, IL
Cameo Beauty Academy Private for-profit, less-than-2-year in Oak Lawn, IL
Cannella School of Hair Design Private for-profit, less-than-2-year in Blue Island, IL
Cannella School of Hair Design Private for-profit, less-than-2-year in Chicago, IL
Cannella School of Hair Design Private for-profit, less-than-2-year in Chicago, IL
Cannella School of Hair Design Private for-profit, less-than-2-year in Chicago, IL
Cannella School of Hair Design Private for-profit, less-than-2-year in Chicago, IL
Cannella School of Hair Design Private for-profit, less-than-2-year in Elgin, IL
Cannella School of Hair Design Private for-profit, less-than-2-year in Elmhurst, IL
Capri Garfield Ridge School of Beauty Culture Private for-profit, less-than-2-year in Chicago, IL
Capri Oak Forest Beauty College Private for-profit, less-than-2-year in Oak Forest, IL
Cardean University Private for-profit, 4-year or above in Chicago, IL
Career Colleges of Chicago Private for-profit, 2-year in Chicago, IL
Carl Sandburg College Public, 2-year in Galesburg, IL
Catholic Theological Union at Chicago Private not-for-profit, 4-year or above in Chicago, IL
Chicago School of Professional Psychology Private not-for-profit, 4-year or above in Chicago, IL
Chicago State University Public, 4-year or above in Chicago, IL
Chicago Theological Seminary Private not-for-profit, 4-year or above in Chicago, IL
Chicago Urban League Computer Training Center Private not-for-profit, less-than-2-year in Chicago, IL
Christian Life College Private not-for-profit, 4-year or above in Mount Prospect, IL
City Colleges of Chicago-Harold Washington College Public, 2-year in Chicago, IL
City Colleges of Chicago-Harry S Truman College Public, 2-year in Chicago, IL
City Colleges of Chicago-Kennedy-King College Public, 2-year in Chicago, IL
City Colleges of Chicago-Malcolm X College Public, 2-year in Chicago, IL
City Colleges of Chicago-Olive-Harvey College Public, 2-year in Chicago, IL
City Colleges of Chicago-Richard J Daley College Public, 2-year in Chicago, IL
City Colleges of Chicago-Wilbur Wright College Public, 2-year in Chicago, IL
College of DuPage Public, 2-year in Glen Ellyn, IL
College of Lake County Public, 2-year in Grayslake, IL
Columbia College Chicago Private not-for-profit, 4-year or above in Chicago, IL
Concept College of Cosmetology Private for-profit, less-than-2-year in Danville, IL
Concordia University Private not-for-profit, 4-year or above in River Forest, IL
Cortiva Institute-Chicago School of Massage Therapy Private for-profit, less-than-2-year in Chicago, IL
Coyne American Institute Inc Private for-profit, less-than-2-year in Chicago, IL
Danville Area Community College Public, 2-year in Danville, IL
DePaul University Private not-for-profit, 4-year or above in Chicago, IL
DeVry University-Illinois Private for-profit, 4-year or above in Chicago, IL
Dominican University Private not-for-profit, 4-year or above in River Forest, IL
Eastern Illinois University Public, 4-year or above in Charleston, IL
East-West University Private not-for-profit, 4-year or above in Chicago, IL
Educators of Beauty Private for-profit, less-than-2-year in LaSalle, IL
Educators of Beauty Private for-profit, less-than-2-year in Rockford, IL
Educators of Beauty Private for-profit, less-than-2-year in Sterling, IL
Elgin Community College Public, 2-year in Elgin, IL
Elmhurst College Private not-for-profit, 4-year or above in Elmhurst, IL
Empire Beauty School Private for-profit, less-than-2-year in Hanover Park, IL
Environmental Technical Institute Private for-profit, less-than-2-year in Blue Island, IL
Environmental Technical Institute Private for-profit, less-than-2-year in Itasca, IL
Erikson Institute Private not-for-profit, 4-year or above in Chicago, IL
Eureka College Private not-for-profit, 4-year or above in Eureka, IL
European Healing Massage Therapy School Private for-profit, less-than-2-year in Skokie, IL
Evanston Northwestern Healthcare School of Anesthesia Private not-for-profit, 4-year or above in Evanston, IL
Finch University of Health Sciences
First Institute Inc Private for-profit, less-than-2-year in Crystal Lake, IL
Fox College Inc Private for-profit, 2-year in Oak Lawn, IL
Garrett-Evangelical Theological Seminary Private not-for-profit, 4-year or above in Evanston, IL
Gem City College Private for-profit, less-than-2-year in Quincy, IL
Governors State University Public, 4-year or above in University Park, IL
Graham Hospital School of Nursing Private not-for-profit, 2-year in Canton, IL
Greenville College Private not-for-profit, 4-year or above in Greenville, IL
Hair Professionals Career College Private for-profit, less-than-2-year in Palos Hills, IL
Hair Professionals Career College Inc Private for-profit, less-than-2-year in Sycamore, IL
Hair Professionals School of Cosmetology Private for-profit, less-than-2-year in Oswego, IL
Hairmasters Institute of Cosmetology Private for-profit, less-than-2-year in Bloomington, IL
Harrington College of Design Private for-profit, 4-year or above in Chicago, IL
Heartland Community College Public, 2-year in Normal, IL
Hebrew Theological College Private not-for-profit, 4-year or above in Skokie, IL
Highland Community College Public, 2-year in Freeport, IL
Illinois Careerpath Institute Private not-for-profit, less-than-2-year in Chicago, IL
Illinois Center for Broadcasting Private for-profit, less-than-2-year in Lombard, IL
Illinois Central College Public, 2-year in Peoria, IL
Illinois College Private not-for-profit, 4-year or above in Jacksonville, IL
Illinois College of Optometry Private not-for-profit, 4-year or above in Chicago, IL
Illinois Eastern Community Colleges-Frontier Community Coll Public, 2-year in Fairfield, IL
Illinois Eastern Community Colleges-Lincoln Trail College Public, 2-year in Robinson, IL
Illinois Eastern Community Colleges-Olney Central College Public, 2-year in Olney, IL
Illinois Eastern Community Colleges-Wabash Valley College Public, 2-year in Mount Carmel, IL
Illinois Institute of Art at Schaumburg Private for-profit, 4-year or above in Schaumburg, IL
Illinois Institute of Technology Private not-for-profit, 4-year or above in Chicago, IL
Illinois School of Health Careers Private for-profit, less-than-2-year in Chicago, IL
Illinois State University Public, 4-year or above in Normal, IL
Illinois Valley Community College Public, 2-year in Oglesby, IL
Illinois Welding School Private for-profit, less-than-2-year in Bartonville, IL
Illinois Wesleyan University Private not-for-profit, 4-year or above in Bloomington, IL
Ingalls Memorial Hospital Dietetic Internship Private not-for-profit, 4-year or above in Harvey, IL
Institute for Clinical Social Work Private not-for-profit, 4-year or above in Chicago, IL
International Academy of Design and Technology Private for-profit, 4-year or above in Chicago, IL
ITT Technical Institute Private for-profit, 4-year or above in Matteson, IL
ITT Technical Institute Private for-profit, 4-year or above in Mount Prospect, IL
ITT Technical Institute Private for-profit, 4-year or above in Willowbrook, IL
John A Logan College Public, 2-year in Carterville, IL
John Marshall Law School
John Wood Community College Public, 2-year in Quincy, IL
Joliet Junior College Public, 2-year in Joliet, IL
Judson College Private not-for-profit, 4-year or above in Elgin, IL
Kankakee Community College Public, 2-year in Kankakee, IL
Kaskaskia College Public, 2-year in Centralia, IL
Kendall College Private not-for-profit, 4-year or above in Chicago, IL
Kishwaukee College Public, 2-year in Malta, IL
Knowledge Systems Institute Private not-for-profit, 4-year or above in Skokie, IL
Knox College Private not-for-profit, 4-year or above in Galesburg, IL
La James International College Private for-profit, less-than-2-year in East Moline, IL
Lake Forest College Private not-for-profit, 4-year or above in Lake Forest, IL
Lake Forest Graduate School of Management Private not-for-profit, 4-year or above in Lake Forest, IL
Lake Land College Public, 2-year in Mattoon, IL
Lakeview College of Nursing Private not-for-profit, 4-year or above in Danville, IL
Lewis and Clark Community College Public, 2-year in Godfrey, IL
Lewis University Private not-for-profit, 4-year or above in Romeoville, IL
Lexington College Private not-for-profit, 4-year or above in Chicago, IL
Lincoln Christian College and Seminary Private not-for-profit, 4-year or above in Lincoln, IL
Lincoln College Private not-for-profit, 4-year or above in Lincoln, IL
Lincoln Land Community College Public, 2-year in Springfield, IL
Lincoln Technical Institute Private for-profit, less-than-2-year in Melrose Park, IL
Loyola University Chicago Private not-for-profit, 4-year or above in Chicago, IL
Lutheran School of Theology at Chicago Private not-for-profit, 4-year or above in Chicago, IL
MacCormac College Private not-for-profit, 2-year in Chicago, IL
MacMurray College Private not-for-profit, 4-year or above in Jacksonville, IL
McCormick Theological Seminary Private not-for-profit, 4-year or above in Chicago, IL
McHenry County College Public, 2-year in Crystal Lake, IL
McKendree College Private not-for-profit, 4-year or above in Lebanon, IL
Meadville-Lombard Theological School Private not-for-profit, 4-year or above in Chicago, IL
Methodist College of Nursing Private not-for-profit, 4-year or above in Peoria, IL
Midstate College Private for-profit, 4-year or above in Peoria, IL
Midwest College of Oriental Medicine Private for-profit, 4-year or above in Chicago, IL
Midwest Technical Institute Private for-profit, less-than-2-year in Lincoln, IL
Midwestern University Private not-for-profit, 4-year or above in Downers Grove, IL
Millikin University Private not-for-profit, 4-year or above in Decatur, IL
Monmouth College Private not-for-profit, 4-year or above in Monmouth, IL
Moraine Valley Community College Public, 2-year in Palos Hills, IL
Morrison Institute of Technology Private not-for-profit, 2-year in Morrison, IL
Morton College Public, 2-year in Cicero, IL
Mr John's School of Cosmetology & Nails Private for-profit, less-than-2-year in South Jacksonville, IL
Mr Johns School of Cosmetology and Nails Private for-profit, 2-year in Urbana, IL
Mr Johns School of Cosmetology Esthetics and Nails Private for-profit, 2-year in Decatur, IL
National University of Health Sciences Private not-for-profit, 4-year or above in Lombard, IL
National-Louis University Private not-for-profit, 4-year or above in Chicago, IL
Niles School of Cosmetology Private for-profit, less-than-2-year in Niles, IL
North Central College Private not-for-profit, 4-year or above in Naperville, IL
North Park University Private not-for-profit, 4-year or above in Chicago, IL
Northeastern Illinois University Public, 4-year or above in Chicago, IL
Northern Baptist Theological Seminary Private not-for-profit, 4-year or above in Downers Grove, IL
Northern Illinois University Public, 4-year or above in Dekalb, IL
Northwestern Business College Private for-profit, 2-year in Chicago, IL
Northwestern Business College-Southwestern Campus Private for-profit, 2-year in Burbank, IL
Northwestern University Private not-for-profit, 4-year or above in Evanston, IL
Oakton Community College Public, 2-year in Des Plaines, IL
Olivet Nazarene University Private not-for-profit, 4-year or above in Bourbonnais, IL
Olympia College Private for-profit, less-than-2-year in Burr Ridge, IL
Olympia College Private for-profit, less-than-2-year in Skokie, IL
Pacific College of Oriental Medicine Private for-profit, 4-year or above in Chicago, IL
Parkland College Public, 2-year in Champaign, IL
Pivot Point Beauty School Private for-profit, less-than-2-year in Bloomingdale, IL
Pivot Point Beauty School Private for-profit, less-than-2-year in Chicago, IL
Pivot Point Beauty School Private for-profit, less-than-2-year in Evanston, IL
Prairie State College Public, 2-year in Chicago Heights, IL
Principia College Private not-for-profit, 4-year or above in Elsah, IL
Professionals Choice Hair Design Academy Private for-profit, less-than-2-year in Joliet, IL
Pyramid Career Institute Private for-profit, less-than-2-year in Chicago, IL
Quincy University Private not-for-profit, 4-year or above in Quincy, IL
Regency Beauty Institute Private for-profit, less-than-2-year in Aurora, IL
Regency Beauty Institute Private for-profit, less-than-2-year in Darien, IL
Rend Lake College Public, 2-year in Ina, IL
Richland Community College Public, 2-year in Decatur, IL
Robert Morris College Private not-for-profit, 4-year or above in Chicago, IL
Rock Valley College Public, 2-year in Rockford, IL
Rockford Business College Private for-profit, 2-year in Rockford, IL
Rockford College Private not-for-profit, 4-year or above in Rockford, IL
Roosevelt University Private not-for-profit, 4-year or above in Chicago, IL
Rosalind Franklin University of Medicine and Science Private not-for-profit, 4-year or above in North Chicago, IL
Rush University Private not-for-profit, 4-year or above in Chicago, IL
Saint Anthony College of Nursing Private not-for-profit, 4-year or above in Rockford, IL
Saint Augustine College Private not-for-profit, 4-year or above in Chicago, IL
Saint Francis Medical Center College of Nursing Private not-for-profit, 4-year or above in Peoria, IL
Saint Xavier University Private not-for-profit, 4-year or above in Chicago, IL
Sanford-Brown College Private for-profit, less-than-2-year in Collinsville, IL
Sauk Valley Community College Public, 2-year in Dixon, IL
School of the Art Institute of Chicago Private not-for-profit, 4-year or above in Chicago, IL
Seabury-Western Theological Seminary Private not-for-profit, 4-year or above in Evanston, IL
Shawnee Community College Public, 2-year in Ullin, IL
Shimer College Private not-for-profit, 4-year or above in Waukegan, IL
Soma Institute-The National School of Clinical Massage Therapy Private for-profit, less-than-2-year in Chicago, IL
South Suburban College Public, 2-year in South Holland, IL
Southeastern Illinois College Public, 2-year in Harrisburg, IL
Southern Illinois University Carbondale Public, 4-year or above in Carbondale, IL
Southern Illinois University Edwardsville Public, 4-year or above in Edwardsville, IL
Southwestern Illinois College Public, 2-year in Belleville, IL
Spanish Coalition for Jobs Inc Private not-for-profit, less-than-2-year in Chicago, IL
Sparks College Private for-profit, 2-year in Shelbyville, IL
Spertus College Private not-for-profit, 4-year or above in Chicago, IL
Spoon River College Public, 2-year in Canton, IL
Springfield College in Illinois Private not-for-profit, 2-year in Springfield, IL
St Johns College Private not-for-profit, 4-year or above in Springfield, IL
St Johns Hospital School of Clinical Lab Science Private not-for-profit, less-than-2-year in Springfield, IL
St Johns Hospital School of Dietetics Private not-for-profit, 4-year or above in Springfield, IL
Star Truck Driving School Private for-profit, less-than-2-year in Bensenville, IL
Star Truck Driving School Private for-profit, less-than-2-year in Hickory Hills, IL
Taylor Business Institute Private for-profit, 2-year in Chicago, IL
The College of Office Technology Private for-profit, 2-year in Chicago, IL
The Cooking and Hospitality Institute of Chicago Private for-profit, 2-year in Chicago, IL
The Cosmetology and Spa Institute Private for-profit, less-than-2-year in Crystal Lake, IL
The Illinois Institute of Art Private for-profit, 4-year or above in Chicago, IL
The John Marshall Law School Private not-for-profit, 4-year or above in Chicago, IL
Toyota Technological Institute at Chicago Private not-for-profit, 4-year or above in Chicago, IL
Trend Setters College of Cosmetology Private for-profit, less-than-2-year in Bradley, IL
Trinity Christian College Private not-for-profit, 4-year or above in Palos Heights, IL
Trinity College of Nursing and Health Sciences Private not-for-profit, 4-year or above in Rock Island, IL
Trinity International University Private not-for-profit, 4-year or above in Bannockburn, IL
Triton College Public, 2-year in River Grove, IL
University of Chicago Private not-for-profit, 4-year or above in Chicago, IL
University of Illinois at Chicago Public, 4-year or above in Chicago, IL
University of Illinois at Springfield Public, 4-year or above in Springfield, IL
University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign Public, 4-year or above in Champaign, IL
University of Phoenix-Chicago Campus Private for-profit, 4-year or above in Schaumburg, IL
University of Saint Mary of the Lake Private not-for-profit, 4-year or above in Mundelein, IL
University of Spa & Cosmetology Arts Private for-profit, less-than-2-year in Springfield, IL
University of St Francis Private not-for-profit, 4-year or above in Joliet, IL
UTI of Illinois Inc Private for-profit, 2-year in Glendale Heights, IL
Vandercook College of Music Private not-for-profit, 4-year or above in Chicago, IL
Vatterott College Private for-profit, less-than-2-year in Quincy, IL
Waubonsee Community College Public, 2-year in Sugar Grove, IL
West Suburban College of Nursing Private not-for-profit, 4-year or above in Oak Park, IL
Western Illinois University Public, 4-year or above in Macomb, IL
Westwood College-Chicago Loop Private for-profit, 4-year or above in Chicago, IL
Westwood College-Dupage Private for-profit, 4-year or above in Woodridge, IL
Westwood College-O'Hare Airport Private for-profit, 4-year or above in Chicago, IL
Westwood College-River Oaks Private for-profit, 4-year or above in Calumet City, IL
Wheaton College Private not-for-profit, 4-year or above in Wheaton, IL
William Rainey Harper College Public, 2-year in Palatine, IL
Worsham College Private for-profit, 2-year in Wheeling, IL
Your School of Beauty Culture Private for-profit, less-than-2-year in Chicago, IL
Zarem Golde ORT Technical Institute Private not-for-profit, less-than-2-year in Skokie, IL

Chicago, Illinois

Chicago is a city in the state of Illinois in the United States with 2,705,994 residents (U.S. Census, 2018), which is the United States' third largest city and the Midwest's largest city. Chicago forms a larger Chicago-Naperville-Elgin (metropolitan area) metropolitan area, which also encompasses parts of Indiana and Wisconsin, and has about 9.5 million residents and is the United States' third largest metropolitan area.

The city is located northeast of Illinois, in a relatively flat landscape on the southwest side of Lake Michigan and has a length of more than 100 miles along it. Downtown, in particular, has several skyscrapers. The settlement extends far west on the former prairie. In the north, west and south there is an expanding belt of suburbs.

The name Chicago is from a French rendition of the Miami- Illinois people's word "shikaakwa," which may mean "wild onion," " skunk, " or "powerful." City nicknames include "The Windy City", "Chi-town" and "City of the Big Shoulders". The former refers to a changing climate (humid and hot summers, cold winters) and the latter to the city's many tall buildings.

It is a Norwegian Consulate General in Chicago.

Population

49.1 percent of the city's population is white, 30.5 percent are of African-American descent, 6.2 percent are Asians, and 0.3 percent are from North American indigenous peoples (2018). There has been considerable immigration to the city from many nations, including Norway, over the years. In 1920, more than 97,000 Norwegians of first and second generation Norwegians lived in Chicago. The city was then the third largest "Norwegian city" after Kristiania (Oslo) and Bergen.

Several Chicago neighborhood names testify to great ethnic diversity, such as Greektown, Little Italy, Pilsen, Ukrainian Village and Chinatown. Due to relocation to the suburbs, the population of Chicago itself, with some exceptions, has declined since 1950.

The settlement has traditionally been strongly segregated, with different ethnic groups living in different districts. The most fashionable district is the North Side, especially along the coast of Lake Michigan which is often called the "Gold Coast". Most white people live here. Many Irish-Americans reside in the more industrialized South Side. The West Side has a predominantly African-American population as well as many Mexicans and Puerto Ricans.

Economy

The Chicago area has the U.S.'s third-largest economy with about $ 670.5 billion a year (2017 estimate). The city is the nation's second largest financial and business area, including the Chicago Stock Exchange (Stock Exchange) and the Chicago Stock Options Exchange (CBOE) stock exchange. In 2007, the Chicago Board of Trade (CBOT) and the Chicago Mercantile Exchange (CME) merged with CME Group, the world leader in derivatives and futures sales. Chicago's economy is considered one of the most balanced in the United States, partly because it is distributed among many players. The region has the nation's third largest concentration of labor with about 4.63 million employees (2018).

Food processing (grain, meat and other agricultural products) is of great importance because of the city's central location as a reception and distribution center, but previously large slaughterhouses have been closed. Nevertheless, meat packaging is still of great importance and Chicago is still of great importance as a transportation and distribution center. The city is the headquarters of several food producers, such as Kraft Heinz, McDonald's, Mondelez International, Quaker Oats and U.S. Foods.

Other companies headquartered in Chicago include aerospace manufacturer Boeing and pharmaceutical and health companies Abbott Laboratories, General Electric 's health products division and Walgreens Boots Alliance (pharmacy). There is a significant production of chemical, pharmaceutical and medical products. The steel industry has been consolidated following a sharp decline in the 1970s and is still among the largest in the United States. There are also other metal and electronic industries as well as large production of machinery and machine tools, car parts, radio and television sets, petroleum products and transport equipment. The printing industry is extensive with many large publishing houses and printing companies.

Chicago is an important conference center. McCormick Place is the world's third largest and North America's largest convention center, and Chicago is the U.S's third largest conference city after Las Vegas and Orlando in terms of annual conference events.

Tourism is of great importance. Chicago was the second most visited city in 2018 (after New York) with about 57.6 million visitors.

Transport and Communications

Chicago is the world's third largest transportation hub and the United States' largest road, rail and air hub. One of the city's three airports, Chicago O'Hare International Airport 25 miles northwest of downtown, is America's second busiest airport. The city is the headquarters of United Airlines, the world's third largest airline.

Chicago is America's premier rail hub. The city has an extensive local transport network of metro (subway) and bus lines. Two of Chicago's subway lines are in operation 24 hours a day. Chicago has many bike paths that are separate from other traffic. Until the 1950s, the city had the world's most extensive tram system, and there were also tram lines between Chicago and other cities.

Chicago, with its two ports, is one of the major inland ports of the Great Lakes, and the Saint Lawrence Seaway (completed in 1959) opened the port for offshore traffic. The 45-mile Chicago Sanitary and Ship Canal canal system links the waterways between the Great Lakes and the Mississippi Basin.

Culture

Chicago has a number of universities and colleges. Among the most famous are the University of Chicago (founded 1890), Northwestern University, DePaul University, Illinois Institute of Technology, University of Illinois, Chicago State University, Columbia College Chicago as well as Walter Payton College Preparatory High School and Northside College Preparatory High School.

At Argonne National Laboratory and Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory, core research is conducted.

Well-known museums are the Field Museum of National History (opened 1921), the John G. Shedd Aquarium and the Adler Planetary & Astronomy Museum, which have national significance and are close to each other in the Museum Campus (opened 1998). The Museum of Science and Industry is widely visited. Lincoln Park Zoo is located in Lincoln Park. Central art museums include the Museum of Contemporary Art and the National Museum of Mexican Art. The Art Institute of Chicago (founded in 1879) is one of America's foremost art museums. Chicago also has a lot of public art by modern figurative artists, including Pablo Picasso, Marc Chagall, Joan Miró and Anish Kapoor. Chicago Cultural Center opened in 1897.

Lyric Opera of Chicago is based in The Civic Opera House. There are a large number of theaters, including Chicago Theater, Goodman Theater and Broadway in Chicago, and there are several ballet companies (including Joffrey Ballett and Chicago Festival Ballet) and dance companies (including Hubbard Street Dance and Chicago Dance Crash).

During the period around 1890-1925, Chicago experienced a rich cultural expression. The symphony orchestra was established in 1891 and the first opera house after the 1871 fire, the Audiorium Building, opened in 1889. Several well-known poets worked in Chicago during the Chicago Literary Renaissance, such as Edgar Lee Masters, Frank Norris, Theodore Dreiser and Carl Sandburg. known for the poem "Chicago").

The city's musical heritage includes Chicago blues, Chicago soul, jazz, gospel and classical music. Chicago Chicago Style is a white jazz music that originated under African-American influence in Chicago in the 1920s; this is less improvised than New Orleans jazz. The Chicago style music sound is a mix of rock 'n roll and blues that originated in the mid-1950s. Chicago is the name of an American group that played jazz-inspired rock and was formed as the Chicago Transit Authority in 1968. The Chicago Symphony Orchestra (established in 1891) is internationally renowned.

Many annual parades and festivals are organized. The Chicago Thanksgiving Parade in November is televised to the entire United States. The Chicago Blues Festival three days in June is one of the biggest blues festivals in the world. Pride Parade will also be held in June. Taste of Chicago, the world's largest food festival, is being held in Great Park over five days in July and the Chicago Air & Water Show, which is a flight and boat show, in August. The Chicago Jazz Festival is held in August and September.

Description

Chicago has a regular settlement right up, some up to 30 miles long, streets and square blocks. The Chicago River, with two branches from the west and flowing into one race to the east and with an outlet in Lake Michigan, divides the city into a northern, southern and western district.

Downtown is an eastern suburb characterized by Millennium Park, Burnham Park, Grant Park and a "skyline" of skyscrapers. A dense array of these extends along Lake Shore Drive and Michigan Avenue. Downtown is the downtown Chicago shopping center. "The Loop" is a looped metro line around a rectangular area of ​​eight times four quarters. It goes above street level at the height of the second floor of buildings.

The North Side with Lincoln Park is a densely populated and somewhat exclusive residential area. From the Downtown boundary, the area follows the coast to the north along Lake Michigan.

The South Side follows the coast south from the Downtown boundary. The South Side is Chicago's largest neighborhood and was socio-economically disadvantaged, but has had a significant development in recent decades.

The West Side, which is partly characterized by decay, is the term for the area west of Downtown.

In Downtown, the cityscape is characterized by skyscrapers and other high-rise buildings. The world's first skyscraper was the 42-meter-high Home Insurance Building with ten floors. It was designed by William Le Baron Jenney and had steel instead of iron in the building's inner metal frame. The building was built in 1885 and demolished in 1931. The tallest of the current skyscrapers in Chicago is Willis Tower (named Sears Tower until 2009) with 110 floors and a height of 442 meters. Other skyscrapers include Trump International Hotel and Tower (423 meters high), Aon Center (346 meters high) and John Hancock Center (344 meters high). Other districts have lower settlements; among other things, a large area far west of Lake Michigan is called a bungalowbelts. World renowned architects such as Louis Sullivan, Frank Lloyd Wright and Ludwig Mies van der Rohe have made their mark on Chicago's skyline.

About a third of Chicago's land is occupied by parks. The most significant are Milennium Park, Grant Park, Lincoln Park, Jackson Park and Washington Park.

History

The Chicago area was discovered by Frenchmen Louis Jolliet and Jacques Marquette in 1673 as they followed the nearly Y-shaped races of the Chicago River out to the mouth of Lake Michigan. The indigenous potawatomi had followed the Miami, Sauk and Fox natives and lived in the area when Jean Baptiste Point de Sable, the son of a French merchant and a black woman, settled permanently there in the 1780s. Sable is often called "Chicago's founder".

Following the victory of the Northwest Indian War in 1795, an area that is now part of Chicago was transferred to an approximately ten square mile U.S. military area. In 1803, the army built Fort Dearborn there. The fort was destroyed by British and their allies in 1812, and rebuilt in 1816. That same year, the Ottawa, Ojibwa and Potawatomi tribes left several lands to the United States. In 1825, the Erie Canal, connecting the U.S. Atlantic coast with the Great Lakes, was opened and Chicago grew into the most important western station to the west.

Chicago gained city status in 1837. The city then had 4200 residents and for decades was the world's fastest growing city. The importance that the main transport hub between the eastern and western states increased and both Chicago's first railway (Galeano and Chicago Union Railroad) and Illinois- and Illinois- and Michigan Canal, the connection between the Great Lakes and the Mississippi river system, opened in 1848. A few more rail lines from the east reached the city in 1852. Four years later, Chicago had become the United States' largest rail hub. It was also built were local lanes to suburbs and other nearby areas.

Industry followed the canals and railway lines. The railways brought grain products and cattle, pigs and sheep to slaughterhouses and meat packing centers in a city that was growing rapidly. Chicago's growth was interrupted in 1871 by the big city fire that, among other things, destroyed the business district and 17,450 homes, took about 250 lives and made nearly 100,000 people homeless. But much of the city's infrastructure was preserved and Chicago was rebuilt quickly. It followed the same urban plan as before, but with more modern buildings, such as high-rise buildings of 12-16 floors in masonry and steel built in accordance with fire regulations, and with an increasing number of parks.

In 1880, the city had more than half a million residents, twelve times more than in 1850, and attracted both American and European immigrants. There were bitter labor struggles in the late 19th century. The Haymarket riots in 1886 occurred during striking workers' demonstration for eight hours working day at Haymarket Square.

In 1889, several inner suburbs were annexed, which greatly increased the urban area. Chicago hosted a world show in 1893. In 1897, The Loop, the highway line around downtown, opened. The census of 1890 and 1900 showed that more than three-quarters of the population consisted of foreigners and their children. By 1900, thirty years after the Great Fire, Chicago had become the world's fifth largest city.

The Chicago race riots in the summer of 1919 were escalating fights between gangs and mobs of African Americans and whites in the South Side. The riots took 38 lives (25 African-Americans and 13 whites), 537 people were injured and about a thousand African-American homes were lost.

During the First World War and in the 1920s, the city's industry and population increased greatly. In 1919, the production and sale of alcoholic beverages was banned, which began a gangster era with Al Capone, Tony Accordo, Dion O'Banian and Bugs Moran, between about 1919 and 1933. Al Capone's men shot and killed several members of it rival Bugs Moran's gang during the 1929 Valentine's Day massacre.

The Great Depression, an economic world crisis in the first half of the 1930s, led to the fact that in 1933, the same year as a World Exhibition was held in Chicago, more than half of industrial jobs were gone and unemployment became high. The economic crisis was resolved in part through the Burnham Plan by measures such as the extensive construction of roads and schools and the construction of parks. Following the stock market crash in 1929, the population grew slightly in the decade that followed, to about 3.4 million residents in 1940. In 1942, Enrico Fermi led the world's first controlled nuclear reaction at the University of Chicago to build the first U.S. nuclear bomb in 1945. The war industry, in particular, with large steel production, became important for Chicago's continued economic growth.

Since the 1960s, Chicago has been haunted by several typical metropolitan problems. The white middle class has moved out to the suburbs, while many unskilled colored and Spanish speakers have moved in. Between 1950 and 1990, Chicago lost 835,000 residents, most of them white immigrants. This led to a difficult public economy and racial problems. At the same time, the entire Chicago region has been marked by a decline in the traditional heavy industry.

Since the interwar years, the political apparatus, "the Machine," has been dominated by the Democrats, and especially under former Mayor Richard J. Daley (1955-1976), political life was characterized by corruption and abuse of power. In 1956, the last urban expansion occurred when the land area under O'Hare Airport and a small portion of DuPage County was annexed by Chicago.

Between 1973 and 1993, Sears Tower, now Willis Tower, was the tallest building in the world.

In 1979, Jane Byrne became Chicago's first female mayor, and in 1983 Harold Washington became the city's first colored mayor. Richard M. Daley, Richard J. Daly's son, was elected mayor in 1989, a position he held until 2011.

In 1998, Museum Campus, a four-acre park area on Lake Michigan, opened around the three main museums Adler Planetarium & Astronomy Museum, Field Museum of Natural History and John G. Shedd Aquarium.

Lori Lightfoot became Chicago's mayor in 2019. She then became the United States' first African-American female mayor.

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