Cameroon - The former German colony
As a result of the Versailles Treaty in 1919, Cameroon was lost to the German
Empire as a colony, which it had been since 1884, and fell to France. A smaller
area in the west of the country, near the border with Nigeria, went
to England. That is why the Republic of Cameroon today has two official
languages: French and English. After years of guerrilla warfare, East Cameroon
succeeded in liberating itself from French colonial rule in 1960 and gaining its
independence. Just one year later, following a referendum, what had been British
West Cameroon was reunified.
It is an irony of history that Germany is hardly more popular in any African
country than in its former colony, Cameroon. With the early withdrawal of the
German colonial rulers, which was immediately followed by the division of the
country, a great glorification of the thoroughly sordid history of oppression
In addition, Cameroon was classified by the German side as a priority country
for bilateral cooperation. Since 1965, the German Development Service has been
trying to provide training and further education in Cameroon. In 2009, around
5,600 people from the country were studying in Germany.
Cameroon thus has the most students in Germany of all African countries.
In the course of his pastoral trip to Africa, the Pope visited Cameroon and
Angola in March 2009, where the closing service took place on March 22nd in
front of about a million people in Luanda.
The country is divided between the urban and rural population, but especially
between the Anglophone minority in the west of the country and the Francophone
majority. The capital Yaounde, for example, is clearly and largely
francophone. This goes so far that the Anglophone minority advocates a state of
its own and violent clashes with numerous dead occur again and again.
|Name of the country
||Republic of Cameroon
|Form of government
||Central African west coast
||Chant de Ralliement (Rallying Song)
||about 25 million (Credit:
||approx. 200 ethnic groups or ethnic groups (Bantu, Semibantu, Sudan
||approx. 50% Christians, 30% animists, 20% Muslims
||French a. English (official languages), africa. languages
||Cameroon Mountain with a height of 4,070 m
||Sanaga with a length of 918 km
||Lake Chad with an area of 20,700 km²
|International license plate
||1 CFA Franc = 100 Centimes
|Time difference to CET
|International phone code
|Mains voltage, frequency
||220/110 volts and 50 hertz
|Internet TLD (Top Level Domain)
By the end of the 19th century
The oldest traces of human settlement in today's Cameroon are around 7,000
years old. From 500 BC Ships of the Mediterranean cultures landed on the coast
of the country. Around 200 BC The emigration of the Bantu,
whose original homeland is Cameroon, began in the south and east of the
world. Around 100 BC In BC Islamic nomads invaded the area. Among other things,
they founded the kingdom of the Sao.
Abbreviationfinder website, one of the greatest medieval African empires was Kanem-Bornu. Kanem
was founded in the 9th century by the nomadic Zagawa (Tuareg) people. After
unification with Bornu, they conquered the Sao Empire, among other things, so
that the decentralized feudal monarchy, during the height of its power in the
13th century, expanded south to present-day Cameroon.
In 1472 the mouth of the Wouri was discovered by the Portuguese, which was
called "Rio dos Camaroes" because of its abundance of shrimp. In the coastal
region it came to the establishment of trading posts, which primarily served
the slave trade.
Invaded in the late 16th century Fulani tribes present in
the north of the country and established there Islamic principalities. In the
19th century, they extended their rule in a southerly direction and met
resistance from the Bamiléké and Bamoun.
In 1884 Germany became a colonial power in Cameroon through treaties signed
with Great Britain and France as well as local rulers.
In the 20th and 21st centuries
After the First World War, the League of Nations gave France the mandate for
East Cameroon and Great Britain that for West Cameroon. This ended the German
colonial era in Cameroon.
On January 1, 1960, East Cameroon gained independence after years of
guerrilla warfare. The first president of the republic was Ahmadou
Ahidjo, who ruled in a dictatorial style. In 1961, after a referendum
in Western Cameroon, the two parts of the country were reunited. On October 1 of
the same year the Federal Republic of Cameroon was founded.
On May 20, 1972, this became the "United Republic of Cameroon" by
referendum. After Ahidjo's resignation in 1982, the previous Prime Minister Paul
Biya succeeded him.
He was confirmed in office in early presidential elections in 1984. An
attempted coup by Ahidjo's supporters in the same year could only be put down
after days of fighting. In 1985, the country's previous unity party, UNC, was
renamed RDPC (Rassemblement Démocratique du Peuple
In 1990 a multi-party law was passed, as a result of which around 160 parties
were founded. The SDF (Social Democratic Front) became the main opposition
party. In 1991 around 300 people lost their lives in demonstrations and actions
similar to general strikes. The early parliamentary elections in March 1992 led
to the formation of a coalition government made up of the RDPC and MDR. In the
controversial presidential election in October of the same year, Paul Biya (born
1933) received a narrow majority of the votes.
In January 1996, the country's new constitution came into force. From the
parliamentary elections in May 1997, the RDPC, chaired by Biya, received 116 out
of 180 seats. The presidential elections in October 1997 re-confirmed President
Biya in office, but were boycotted by the opposition parties. In October 2004
Biya was re-elected President of Cameroon.