Antigua and Barbuda - islands between the Caribbean and the Atlantic
The two islands lie between the North Atlantic and the Caribbean and,
together with the uninhabited island of Redonda, form an independent island
state. In 1493, Christopher Columbus discovered the islands on his way west
That is why these Caribbean islands were given the name West Indies.
The sub-term Antilles comes from "Ante illium", Latin for the islands off
Central America. A distinction must be made between the Greater Antilles
(Cuba, Jamaica, etc.) and the Lesser Antilles such as Trinidad and Tobago or
Antigua and Barbuda.
The group of the Lesser Antilles is still divided into the Antilles below the
leeward and above the wind, i.e. in islands outside and inside the Caribbean
cyclone area. The latter include Antigua and Barbuda.
It should be pointed out that the 3 to 4 m long idol snake (Boa constrictor)
occurs on the island of Antigua. Even if the snake is non-toxic, it has teeth
that are more effective than a large dog.
In addition, a snake around 3 m long can strangle a person - children in
particular are of course at risk.
Hurricane Irma destroyed over 90% of the houses on Barbuda around September
8th. It had left a swath of devastation and made the island almost uninhabitable
for its 1,800 residents.
|Name of the country
||Antigua and Barbuda
|Form of government
||Constitutional monarchy in the Commonweal
||The island nation is located southeast of Puerto Rico, between
the Atlantic Ocean and the Caribbean.
||Fair Antigua, We Salute Thee!
||approx. 95,000 residents (Credit:
Countryaah: Antigua and Barbuda Population)
||Descendants of West Africans 91%
Descendants of English settlers, mulattos, Asians, etc. 9%
||Roman Catholic Christianity 11%,
Adventists 9%, Methodists 9%, Moravian Brothers 12%, Anglicans 32% and
||English and a Creole dialect
||Boggy Peak with a height of 405 meters
||Potsworks Dam Lake
|International license plate
||East Caribbean dollar
|Time difference to CET
||- 6 h
|International phone code
|Mains voltage, frequency
||230 volts and 60 hertz
|Internet TLD (Top Level Domain)
Antigua and Barbuda: History
Before the 15th century
Before the discovery of the islands by the Europeans, the Aruak Indian
tribe settled the islands. They lived mainly as hunters and gatherers.
Discovery in 1493 to settlement in 1628
Abbreviationfinder website, Christopher Columbus discovered Antigua in 1493.
The conquistadors took the Indians living on the islands to their mines in Hispaniola and
other colonies. Many of them died there of overwork or introduced diseases. The
archipelago was economically of no interest to the Spanish crown. Only pirates
used the islands as hiding places. 150 years passed before a British settlement
was first established on Barbuda in 1628, and four years later the same happened
on Antigua. The settlers first grew tobacco. Cane sugar plantations were built
Piracy and the colonial era until the abolition of slavery in 1834
In 1680 the Codrington family bought the islands for the equivalent of a
slaughtered pig annually. The first English colonists from Saint Kitts and Nevis
arrived in 1632.
From 1663 colonists from motherland England also began to arrive in Saint
In the 18th century the city became the headquarters for the part of the
Royal Fleet stationed in the Antilles because the port was storm-proof. In this
context, the last pirates also disappeared.
1834 until independence in 1981
The British government abolished slavery in its colonial empire between 1834
and 1838. As a result, the plantation economy on the islands of the Caribbean
got into considerable difficulties and agriculture had to be restructured. A
powerful tourism industry emerged after the Second World War. On November 1,
1981, Antigua and Barbuda became independent from Great Britain. In the same
year, Saint John's became the capital of the newly formed independent state of
Antigua and Barbuda.