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Sitka, ('by the sea'), city in the state of
Alaska in the United States. Located on Baranof
Island in the Alexander Archipelago, approx. 150 km
southwest of the capital Juneau. Sitka has about
9,000 residents (2013), has an excellent harbor, and
from 1940 is an important fleet base. Otherwise, the
economy is based on fishing and fish processing and
some timber industry. The city has a great church -
St. Michael's Cathedral, built in 1848 as a Russian
Sitka is with its approx. 12,460 km 2 The
largest city in the United States, and about the
size of Washington state on the west coast of the
The area was populated by Indians more than
10,000 years ago. The city of Old Sitka, or Fort St.
Michael, was established in 1799 by the Russian
governor of Alaska, Alexander Baranov. The city was
destroyed by Tlingit Indians in 1802, when most of
its residents were killed or taken as
slaves. Governor Baranov had to pay 10,000 rubles in
ransom for those who survived. In 1804 the city was
re-established as Novo Arkhangelsk, 'New Arkhangelsk'. The
formal transfer of Alaska from Russia to the United
States took place here in 1867. Sitka was Alaska's
capital until 1906.
Nome is a city in the state of Alaska in
the United States. The city is located on the south
side of the Seward Peninsula at Norton Sound, and
has 3,841 residents (U.S. Census, 2017),
substantially Inuit. The census circle Nome, that
is, the city and its environs, has 9,921 residents
(U.S. Census, 2017).
Nome is a center for small-scale flights in
northern Alaska, and has two airports. The port is
primarily used by cargo ships, but there is an
increase in cruise traffic in the summer. Nome does
not have road connections with any other major
cities in Alaska.
Nome was founded during the gold rush in 1898, by
the so-called "Three Lucky Swedes", Erik Lindblom,
John Brynteson and Jafet Lindberg. The latter was a
Norwegian and born in Kvænangen. The three found
gold in Anvil Creek, and by 1900 Nome had more than
12,000 residents, and by 1909 there were probably
over 20,000 residents. Legendary revolver Wyatt Earp of
Tombstone, Arizona owned a saloon in Nome during the
gold rush. The harsh weather conditions led to the
police forcing those who did not have adequate
housing for the winter. When the gold rush was over
around 1912, Nome became an outpost with close to
Nome is also known for the "Great Race of Mercy"
in 1925 when it broke out of diphtheria, and dog
drivers saved the city by carrying serum over 1,000
km from Nenana. The Norwegians Gunnar Kaasen and Leonhard
Seppala - a friend of Jafet Lindberg from Norway -
made a heroic effort. Kaasen brought the serum in
the final stage to Nome, including the famous sled
dog Balto, which is a statue of Central Park in New
York, while Seppala and his guide dog Togo drove the
hardest and longest stage (almost 150 km) in storm
and closer to 40 degrees Celsius. From 1973, the big
dog race Iditarod is in goal in Nome.
Roald Amundsen came to Nome in August 1906 after
traveling with Gjøa through the Northwest Passage.
|Read a general overview of this branch of the
University of Alaska, Fairbanks, which is located in
|Kenai Peninsula College
|Division of the University of Alaska, Anchorage,
features news and events, an academic calendar and
|One of three campuses making up the University of
Alaska Southeast, it offers course schedules,
tuition info and a faculty directory.
|Part of the University of Alaska, Anchorage, it
offers an academic calendar, Internet classes, a
campus directory and tuition information.
|Part of the University of Alaska system, the campus
provides Web course info, a computing services
overview and a continuing-education schedule.
|Check out part of the University of Alaska
Southeast, featuring a list of career and degree
programs, admissions info and a photo gallery.