Topschoolsintheusa.com: Intended to pursue an associate degree in the
state of Texas? Here is a full list of both public and private community
colleges within Texas.
Houston is a city in Texas, USA, located on the Houston Ship Channel, 82 km
from the Gulf of Mexico. Houston is the largest city in Texas and the fourth
largest in the United States. The city itself has 2,312,717 residents, while the
metropolitan Houston-The Woodlands-Sugar Land is the United States fifth largest
with 6,892,427 residents (U.S. Census, 2017).
The Port of Houston (Houston Port) is Texas' most important and the second
largest in the U.S. by total cargo volume, and handled nearly 250
million containers in 2017. The most important export goods are petroleum and
petroleum products, cotton and rice.
The city is also a major traffic hub for traffic between the New
England states, the Midwest and the Pacific coast, and the approach for shipping
and air routes from Latin America and Europe. The international airport is among
the busiest in the United States.
Houston is located in an area with high deposits of oil, natural
gas, sulfur, limestone and salt, and the city is the center of one of the
world's largest concentrations of refineries and other petrochemicals. There are
also shipyards, railway workshops, textiles and electronics industries.
35 km southeast of the city center is the Mynd Space Command Command Center,
the Lyndon B. Johnson Space Center, established in 1961.
Houston has a number of educational and cultural institutions, including 29
universities and colleges. Among the largest are the University of Houston
(1927), Rice University (1912), Houston Baptist University (1934), Texas
Southern University (1947), University of St. Thomas and Texas Medical Center.
The city has a well-known symphony orchestra, opera and ballet
company. Furthermore, the Alley Theater, which is considered one of America's
best natural history and art museums, and the Astrodome, become the world's
largest indoor stadium in 1975.
Houston has both a Norwegian Consulate General and a Norwegian Seamen's
Houston was founded and named after General Sam Houston in 1836, one of the
heroes of Texas' independence war against Mexico (1835-1836) and the first
president of the Republic of Texas when it declared its independence in 1836.
Houston was the capital of the Texas Republic of 1837 –1839 and 1842–1846.
The city grew from the mid-1800s as an important regional railway center, and
in 1891 Houston was served by eleven different railway companies. Following the
opening of the Houston Ship Channel in 1914, Houston became Texas' premier port
city and one of the most important in the United States. Oil, first discovered
in 1901, created the basis for considerable industrialization.
In 1961, Houston could begin to call itself the "Space City," after the
establishment of the U.S. Space Administration's (NASA) Center for Manned Space
Travel. Since the beginning of the 20th century, Houston has grown faster than
most other U.S. metropolitan areas, and residential areas have expanded far
beyond the flat coastal plain.
Fort Worth, Texas
Fort Worth is a city in the state of Texas in the United States with 895,008
residents (U.S. Census, 2018) and is part of the greater Dallas- Fort
Worth-Arlington (metropolitan area) region, also called Dallas / Fort
Worth Metroplex, with about 7, 5 million residents. The city, which is the fifth
largest in Texas, is located on the Trinity River about 50 miles west of Dallas.
Fort Worth is an important communications hub in a rich oil district offers
including oil refining, versatile industry and trade with grain and cattle. East
of the city is the large Dallas-Fort Worth International Airport.
The town is named after General William Jenkins Worth (1794-1849) who in his
last year of life was commander of the U.S. troops in Texas.
61.1 percent of the population is white, 18.9 percent are African American,
3.7 percent are Asians, and 0.6 percent are descendants of North American
Indigenous peoples (2010). Fort Worth was the United States' fastest growing
city between 2000 and 2006.
Economics and culture
In the 1920s, oil discoveries gave rise to a refining industry. The city has
oil refineries, slaughterhouses, processing of food products, production
of aircraft (Lockheed Martin, Bell Helicopter) and headquarters for American
Airlines, railway workshops, steelworks, production of electronic equipment
and chemical industry. Many large national and multinational business companies
are headquartered in the city. Much financial activity in Forth Worth and Dallas
is integrated. Tourism employs many.
Fort Worth has six universities and several colleges.
The city has a zoo, several botanical gardens, a large number of parks, small
lakes and many theaters, concert halls and museums. Art museums include the Amon
Carter Museum of Western Art, Kimbell Art Museum, Modern Art Museum of Fort
Worth and Sid Richardson Museum. Also widely visited are the Forth Worth Museum
of Science and History and the Vintage Flying Museum. The Texas Cowboy Hall of
Fame Museum opened in 2001. A large convention center (1968 Tarrant County
Convention Center) is one of Fort Worth's most famous landmarks.
The Southwestern Exposition and Livestock Show (Fort Worth Stock Show and
Rodeo) is held every January. The Van Cliburn International Piano Competition
has been held every four years since 1862, the Texas Motor Speedway since 1996
and the Cowtown Marathon annually in February since 1978. The annual Mayfest in
Trinity Park is held for four days in April / May.
Fort Worth was founded by Major Ripley Arnold in 1849 as a military outpost
to protect settlers from attacks by Comanche peoples. Fort Worth became county
seat in 1856. The city became a busy cattle station for the Texas and Pacific
Railway in 1876. Fort Worth eventually became the major meat packing center in
the southwestern United States.
The refining of petroleum began in 1920 and production of the aircraft in
1949. A tornado destroyed many buildings in the city in 2000. In the same year
opened the Trinity Railway Express between Fort Worth and Dallas. Horizontal
drilling for natural gas under Fort Worth began in 2007.
Austin is a city and capital of the state of Texas in the United States. The
city has 964,254 residents (U.S. Census, 2018) and Austin-Round Rock forms a
larger metropolitan area with approximately 2.1 million residents.
Austin is located in the south central part of Texas, by the Colorado
River that runs through downtown and is dammed into three artificial lakes (Lady
Bird Lake, Lake Austin and Lake Walter E. Long) that divide the city in two. The
city is 130-305 meters above sea level. The eastern part is on flat terrain and
the western one on hills. Central parts of the city are illuminated at night by
15 remaining moonlight towers. The Barton Springs Pool is the largest of a large
number of natural and artificial swimming pools in and outside Austin. The city
center is dominated by a number of skyscrapers e. The city is well adapted for
bicycle traffic. Austin-Bergstrom International Airport is located 8 miles
southeast of the city.
The name Austin is after Stephen Fuller Austin (1793-1836), known as "Texas'
The population consists of 73.5 percent whites (of which 34.3
percent Hispanics, 7.8 percent African-Americans, 7.3 percent Asians, and 0.6
percent descendants of North American Indigenous peoples (U.S. Census, 2018).
Austin has had since 1850) The city is characterized by a large student
population and a buzzing nightlife.
Economics and culture
Austin is a civilian and military technology development center. The city has
many high-tech businesses. The city also has a large collection of
pharmaceutical companies. Trade in cotton and cattle has long been the most
important trade product. Whole Foods Market, which specializes in fresh and
packaged meat products, is headquartered in Austin.
The city has five universities, the largest being the University of Texas
with headquarters in the city, and there are a number of colleges.
Museums include Texas Memorial Museum, Bob Bullock Texas State Historical
Museum, George Washington Carver Museum and Cultural Center, Museum of the
Weird, O. Henry House Museum, South Austin Museum of Popular Culture,
Mexican-Arte Museum, and Children's Thinkery Museum and teens. A special
attraction is the swarms of the world's largest urban bat colony (bulldog bat)
in the summer under the Ann W. Richards Congress Avenue Bridge. The Texas State
Capitol Building is also a major attraction.
The city has a lively music scene including the great American festival South
by Southwest (SXSW) for film, interactive media and music. The music festival,
with over 1400 bands playing each year, is considered the world's largest. In
October each year, the three-day Austin City Limits Music Festival is held, and
a host of other concerts are also held. The city competes with Nashville for the
designation "The Live Music Capital of the World".
The city has a strong theater culture, including the Fuse Box Festival in
April and the Zachary Scott Theater Center and Hyde Park Center theaters.
Several film festivals are being organized, including the Austin Film
Festival. The week-long Fantastic Fest film festival is held every September.
Annual events include Carneval Brasileiro in February, Art City Austin in
April, Austin Gay Pride in August and Trail of Lights in December.
Libraries include the extensive Austin Central Library / Austin Public
Library and Central Library. The University Library houses the world's largest
collection of Spanish-language literature. Austin houses the Lyndon B.
Johnson Library and Museum.
The oldest traces of settlement in the area date from about 9200 BCE. (Clovis
culture). The indigenous people tonkawa, comanche and lipan apache passed
through the area until the 1830s when whites penetrated it. Austin emerged as
the riverine village of Waterloo. At the suggestion of Texas President Mirabeau
Lamar, in 1839 the city was elected permanent capital of the new Republic of
Texas. It was renamed Austin and the city status in 1840, when Austin had 856
residents. The same year, the Comanches were driven west by Texas rangers.
When the Mexican invasion threatened in 1842, the government moved
to Houston. Austin's residents held back the state archives with force. The
government returned to Austin in 1845, the year Texas was incorporated in the
United States. The Houston & Texas Central Railway, which opened in 1871,
transported cattle and cotton, leading Austin to become a major trading
center. The University of Texas opened in 1883. The current Capitol building of
granite dates from 1888, seven years after the former wooden building burned
down in 1881. In the late 1800s, the first Colorado River dam was built to
supply electricity to the the new moonlight towers. The dam was washed away by
a flood in 1900.
In the 1920s and 1930s many parks were built. At the same time,
Anglo-Americans, African-Americans and Mexicans were separated, among other
things, with regard to living areas and schooling, and the construction of
roads, schools and hospitals institutionalized segregation. In 1940, the
destroyed dam of the Colorado River was replaced by a concrete dam that drained
Lake MacDonald (now Lake Austin) and a much larger dam reservoir was built
upstream to form Lake Travis.
In the 1970s, Austin emerged as a national music center, and the
long-running Austin City Limits television series helped cement the
city's leading position in the music industry. Towards the end of the 20th
century, Austin became an important high-tech center for semiconductor
manufacturing and software. In 2010–2011, Austin was hit hard by drought, and in
the fall of 2018, rainfall and floods following Hurricane Sergio.