Senegal - The westernmost country in Africa
Senegal - The African country is named after the Senegal River, which forms
its border in the north and northeast. Senegal flows into the Atlantic Ocean on
the north-west African coast - just like the Gambia River, which gave
the Gambia its name, the state that is an encclave in the middle of Senegal. In
1982 the two states merged to form the loose confederation "Senegambia", but in
1989 they separated again.
The port city of Saint Louis, located on an island in the Senegal estuary,
was founded by French immigrants and was the country's administrative seat in
the 18th and 19th centuries. Today, its picturesque old town is a UNESCO World
Heritage Site, as is the island of Gorée, a small rocky island in the Atlantic
off the capital Dakar and which, after the first Europeans landed, was
successively in Portuguese, Dutch, English and finally French hands. It became
known as the slave island because, together with Saint Louis, it was one of the
most important centers of the West African slave trade.
Today Senegal is a presidential republic with a multi-party system. The
situation of women, among other things, is still problematic, although their
rights were strengthened in the 2001 constitution with regard to land ownership
Female genital cutting was banned in 1998. A main goal of economic policy is
independence from food imports.
Senegal's most important export goods are fish and fish products, which,
however, do not mainly come from the national river Senegal, but from the
fish-rich waters off the Senegalese coast.
|Name of the country
||République du Sénégal
|Form of government
||Senegal is located in northwestern Africa and is the westernmost
country on the continent. It is located in the transition from the Sahel
to the tropics.
||Pincez tous vos koras, frappez les balafons,
Le Lion rouge a rugi
(Take your Koras, hit the marimbas, the red lion has roared)
||around 16 million (Credit:
||African peoples, approx. 40% Wolof, Serer, Diola, Malinke or Pular
||approx. 90% are Sunni Muslims, around 7% are Christians, the rest
are various other religions, especially natural religions
||French as the official language, Wolof and others Africa. languages
||Nepen Diakha with a height of 581 m
||Senegal, 1,635 km
||There are no larger lakes in Senegal.
|International license plate
|Time difference to CET
||- 2 h
|International phone code
|Mains voltage, frequency
||220 volts and 50 hertz
|Internet TDL (Top Level Domain)
Until the 19th century
Around 900 AD the Gana Empire expanded into what is now
Senegal, where Wolof, Serer and Tukulor lived at the time. After the fall of the
Gana Empire, the region fell to the Mali Empire, which existed
until the 15th century. From the 15th century, Europeans were present in the
coastal area; The Portuguese and Dutch established trading establishments, and
the French settled the area at the mouth of Senegal from the 17th century. Until
the beginning of the 19th century, the island of Gorée and the city of
Saint-Louis, founded by the French, were the main centers of the slave
trade in West Africa.
Abbreviationfinder website, by around 1890, France conquered the whole of what is now Senegal. In 1895 Dakar
became the capital of French West Africa.
In the 20th century
In 1946, all Senegalese residents received French citizenship. On April 4,
1960, Senegal gained independence from France, after having received a certain
political autonomy in 1956. In 1963 Senegal became a presidential republic.
In 1982 Senegal and Gambia merged to form the Senegambia Confederation,
which was dissolved again in 1989 by mutual agreement.
Since 1990 there have been civil war-like unrest in Senegal as part of the
conflict over the independence of the southern region of Casamance,
which had been going on since the 1980s. A constitutional amendment passed on
September 3, 1992 established the independence of the judiciary and a
multi-party system. On March 31, 1998, US President Bill Clinton visited the
It was not until December 31, 1998 that female circumcision was officially
banned. In the following years there were again bloody clashes between
government troops and rebels.
In the 2000 presidential elections, President Diouf lost to
long-time challenger Abdoulaye Wade. This formed a new
government that included a broad alliance of left-wing social democratic and
liberal parties, which, however, broke up after Prime Minister Niasses was
dismissed in March 2001, shortly after a new constitution was passed in January,
which among other things limited the term of office of the president fixed for a
maximum of two mandates of 5 years each.