Pitcairn - Island of the mutineers of the Bounty
The Pitcairn Islands are a very small group of islands in the eastern South
Pacific. In addition to Pitcairn, Oeno, Ducie and Henderson belong to the group
of islands. Of these, however, only Pitcairn is inhabited. Pitcairn was probably
only known to many people through the mutiny on the Bounty in 1789.
Some efforts are now being made by the British government to promote economic
and cultural life on the island. B. through a recently opened, many millions
expensive museum. Every year more than 10 cruise ships call at the island, and
many of their passengers are brought ashore for an excursion. (Credit:
Pitcairn Islands Facts)
Visitors have been able to purchase the island's very valuable postage stamps
here since 1940. But the carvings created here are also a great feature. You can
also buy T-shirts with island motifs or the honey produced here.
Until around the year 1000
There is no evidence of human life on the islands at this time.
From the year 1000 to the 17th century
Abbreviationfinder website, during this time the islands may have been inhabited. However, it is
discussed that Polynesians sailing past may have landed here to take a rest
before continuing. However, that would mean only temporary settlement during
In the 18th and 19th centuries, mutiny on the Bounty
The islands were first discovered in 1767 by the English navigator Carteret
(1733-1796). The island got its name after Carteret named it after Robert
Pitcairn, a 15-year-old sea cadet and member of his crew who first sighted the
islands on the ship. Due to the navigationally limited possibilities at the
time, the island was drawn on the nautical charts with incorrect data, with a
deviation of approx. 170 nautical miles.
On April 28, 1789 part of the crew of the "Bounty" mutinied under the leadership
of the 2nd officer Fletcher Christian (1764-1793) against their captain William
Bligh (1754-1817). Incidentally, Captain Bligh was previously chief officer with
James Cook (1728-1779).
The "Bounty" was on its way back from Tahiti, where the men had stayed for more
than five months to wait for the breadfruit tree to rest before bringing it to
Europe as ordered. The mutineers put Bligh and the remaining loyal part of the
crew (31 sailors) in an open dinghy. Bligh sailed around 5,800 km in the open
boat in 41 days to Kugang on Timor, a maritime masterpiece that has hardly been
repeated since then.
The mutineers then first sailed to the island of Tabuat, but returned after
about three months to Tahiti, where 16 sailors remained. With the remaining
eight and six Tahitian men and eleven women, Christian set sail again to avoid
persecution and punishment by the English. By unbelievable coincidence they
landed on Pitcairn, which was marked on the nautical chart with an error of
around 170 nautical miles. Although they were searched intensively for years by
the entire English fleet, they were never found. But the mutineers under
Fletcher Christian and their Polynesian companions mostly murdered each other or
killed each other - like William McCoy himself.
Ten years after their arrival on the island, only John Adams of the mutineers
survived. He organized the other residents with the help of the Bible and
created a Christian community that is now a Seventh-day Adventist. Remains of
the ship that burned down on Pitcairn in early 1790 can still be found today in
the so-called Bounty Bay. It was not until 1808 that the island was
"rediscovered" by an American whaler.
In 1831 and 1856, residents had to be evacuated to Tahiti and the Norfork
Islands due to food shortages or natural disasters - but most returned to the
In modern times
The Pitcairn Islands have been a British Crown Colony since 1887 and are
administered on behalf of the Crown of New Zealand. In 2004, a lawsuit against
seven descendants of the mutineers of the "Bounty" for sexual abuse caused a
sensation in a court that was specially brought to the island. Six of the
defendants were found guilty. Among them was the mayor of the island, Steve
In October 2004, the mayor's son was sentenced to six years, the mayor to three
years, and two other men to five and four years in prison. The other two
defendants got away with community service.