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Philadelphia is a city in the state of Pennsylvania in the United States, by
the Delaware and Schuylkill rivers. The city has 1,580,863 residents and is the
core of the Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington (Delaware Valley) metropolitan
region, which also includes areas in Delaware (Wilmington) and New
Jersey (Trenton) and has 6,096,120 residents (U.S. Census, 2017).
Philadelphia is one of the largest cities in the United States and the second
largest port city (port of import). It is also a significant industrial city and
a prominent commercial and cultural center. Major industries include
shipbuilding (including large marine shipyards), petroleum refining, the
apparel, food, machinery and electrical industries, printing and publishing.
In recent years, the industry is particularly concentrated in the Valley
Forge area in the northwest. Philadelphia is also one of America's most
important banking and insurance centers; The city's stock exchange, founded in
1790, is the oldest in the country.
Transport and Communications
Philadelphia is a road and rail hub, and has one international and one
national airport. A long suspension bridge leads across Delaware
to Camden in New Jersey.
The city has several universities, including the University of Pennsylvania,
founded 1740, Temple University, founded 1884, Drexel University, founded 1891
and Bryn Mawr College, founded 1891. The world's first electronic computer was
put into operation at the University of Pennsylvania in 1945. In addition There
are many colleges, institutes and academies.
The city houses a large number of museums, including the Peale's Museum of
Natural History, the Philadelphia Museum of Art, the African-American Historical
and Cultural Museum and a museum of the first Swedish immigration to America
(New Sweden). The Academy of Music is the headquarters of the
famous Philadelphia Orchestra. Zoological and Botanical Garden. Philadelphia is
also Catholic archbishopric.
The city center is regulated in a strict grid pattern, according to
founder William Penn's city plan. Above central Penn Square, the main axes are
Broad Street and Market Street. At the eastern end of Market Street is the
Society Hill district and the Independence Hall area, with part of the city's
oldest settlement. In Independence Hall (1729–39) the Declaration of
Independence was given in 1776; Liberty Bell is stored in a pavilion by the
building. In the Carpenters' Hall, the first Continental Congress (1774) met,
and in Congress Hall the United States Congress held its meetings 1790-1800.
Further south-east lies the oldest town, Southwark, first inhabited by
Swedish colonists in 1643. In Gloria Dei (Old Swedes) Church, inaugurated in
1700, it was still preached in Swedish in the 1800s. On the west side of Penn
Square is the business district with many skyscrapers, including the Penn
Center. Benjamin Franklin Parkway links the city center with the beautiful
Fairmount Park in the northwest; it is, with over 15 km 2, one of the
largest city parks in the USA.
Philadelphia was founded as a nursery colony in 1682 by William Penn ; the
city name is Greek and means brotherly love. The city was the largest city in
the North American colonies at the end of the 18th century, and was the
temporary capital of the United States in the period 1790–1800 (official capital
1783–89). The population was 41,220 in 1800 and increased to 121,376 in 1850 and
1,293,697 in 1900.
Harrisburg is a city and capital of the south central part of the state
of Pennsylvania in the United States. The city has 49,229 residents (U.S.
Census, 2018) and forms a larger metropolitan area Harrisburg-Carlisle
with around 575,000 residents. Harrisburg is Pennsylvania's 12th largest city.
Harrisburg is located on the east bank of the Susquehanna River 145 miles
west of Philadelphia and constitutes a traffic hub. The city boundary on the
west is the west bank of the river. The John Harris Bridge spans the Susquehanna
River. The city is a center in an urbanized area that encompasses several
Harrisburg International Airport is located in Middletown nine miles
southeast of Harrisburg.
The town's name is after its founder, immigrant British John Harris
Of the population, African Americans make up 51.8 percent, whites 34.3
percent, Asians 5.4 percent and descendants of North American Indigenous
people 0.4 percent. The largest population was in 1950 (89 544). There has then
been a gradual decline in the number of residents, except for a modest growth in
the decade 2000-2010, partly due to relocation from the city to the suburbs.
Economics and culture
The economy is characterized by service-based businesses. Most are employed
by the state government. Other important sectors are health care, the food
industry, insurance and technological and biotechnological production. The
region's importance in transport infrastructure makes it a center for trade and
storage and distribution of goods. Harrisburg has major military installations.
The city has four universities and several colleges in Harrisburg.
There are a number of parks in town, including Italian Lake (park and lake),
Riverfront Park, Wildwood Lake Park and Reservoir Park. These and other parks,
open spaces and boroughs are linked by the 32-kilometer Capital Area Greenbelt
for pedestrians and cyclists.
Well-known museums include the State Museum of Pennsylvania, the Susquehanna
Art Museum, the National Civil War Museum and the Whitaker Center for Science
and the Arts. Lecture and concert hall The Forum houses the Harrisburg Symphony
Orchestra. There will be jazz festivals in the downtown area.
The Pennsylvania Farm Show is the United States largest agricultural exhibit
and is held annually at the Pennsylvania Farm Show Complex & Expo
Center. Motorama is a two day long annual car show.
The Capitol building with its 83-meter-high dome was completed in 1906 and
was built with the St. Peter's Basilica of the Vatican City of Rome as a
model. The city's two tallest buildings are 333 Market Street (104 feet high, 22
storeys) and Pennsylvania Place (89 feet high).
The area was inhabited by indigenous people from around 3000 BCE. and was
also a crossroads for native traders. The first European to ascend
the Susquehanna River through the area in 1686 was John Smith, who met the
indigenous tribe Susquehanna. John Harris Sr. became in 1719 the first to settle
on a trading post here, and later acquired a 3.2 square kilometer land
area. Here son John Harris jr. in 1785 to build a town surveyed by Harris'
son-in-law William Maclay. Harrisburg became a town in 1791 and the state
capital of Pennsylvania in 1812. The town was surrounded by agricultural lands
and the Susquehanna River provided access from the east.
In 1822, a capitiol building of bricks was completed. Harrisburg grew as a
transportation hub after the opening of the Pennsylvania Canal in 1834. The
first train arrived in 1836 and Harrisburg became a railroad junction when the
Pennsylvania Railroad's main line between Pittsburgh and Harrisburg opened in
During the American Civil War, the city was a major training center for the
Union Army. After a battle in June 1863, the Confederate army might have tried
to occupy the city, but plans were changed. Steel and iron became dominant
industries and large smelting furnaces and machine workshops were built, among
other things. The Pennsylvania Steel Company opened the first steel mill in the
United States in 1866.
The period between 1920 and 1975 was marked by industrial
decline. During World War II, weapons were produced and the city reached its
largest population just after the war. The industry was characterized by decline
and relocation from the city to the suburbs, causing a population decline from
after 1950 until the 1990s. The John Harris Bridge was opened to traffic in
In June 1972, Harrisburg was hit by floods following Hurricane Agnes. 28.
March 1979 leaked radioactive gas from one of the reactors in nuclear power
plants e Three Mile Island in Middletown 10 km southeast of Harrisburg, and
within a few days left 140,000 people area.
Since 2011, Harrisburg has been characterized by debt and corruption
problems. Work is still underway to solve the city's financial problems.