Niue is in the South Pacific, halfway between New Zealand and French
Polynesia. It is located approximately 2,400 km northeast of New Zealand and 600
km from Tonga, east of the date line. It belongs to the Polynesian Islands,
which in the South Pacific include the Cook Islands, French Polynesia, Easter
Island, Pitcairn, Samoa, American Samoa, Tokelau, the Kingdom of
Tonga, Tuvalu, and Wallis and Futuna.
Because of its remoteness, Niue used to be called the "deserted island" (Savage
Nuie means coconut. The country is one of the smallest states in the world. The
self-governing state has been associated with New Zealand since 1974, from where
large sums of support flow into the country every year.
In 2004, Nuie was hit by Hurricane Heta, one of the strongest in living
memory. Large areas of the island in the southeast were destroyed.
The population of Niue is constantly falling. There are now 10 times as many
Niueans living in New Zealand as on the island itself. Niue has one of the
largest reefs in the world, which rises from the sea.
Although Niue is part of Polynesia, there is no hierarchical system of
chieftains whose posts are inherited.
|Name of the country
|Form of government
||Niue is a parliamentary-democratic monarchy in the Commonwealth. The
state is a self-governing territory in free association with New
||Niue is in the South Pacific near Tonga; 19 ° south latitude and 170
° west longitude
||"Ko E Iki He Lagi"
||Around 1,300, around 22,000, live in New Zeala (Credit:
||approx. 90% Niuer and 10% Europeans as well as islanders from Tonga
||Around 75% Protestants, 10% Mormons and 15% Catholics and others
||Nuean and English
||Alofi, with about 580 residents
||Highest elevation 68 m
|International license plate
||NZ (New Zealand)
||New Zealand Dollar (NZ $)
|Difference to CET
||- 12 h
|International phone code
|Internet TLD (Top Level Domain)
Legend has it that the island was settled by Huanaki and Fao and the fire
gods of Fonuagalo, a hidden land. The first Polynesian settlers came by canoes
and vacas from Tonga, Samoa, and Pukapuka Island from the Cook Islands.
Abbreviationfinder website, in the 9th - 10th centuries the Samoans came, in the 16th century the
islanders from Tonga attacked Nuie.
James Cook (1728-1779) reached the islands in 1774 and was greeted with
red-painted teeth by hostile savages. He couldn't go ashore. Because of the
reception he called the island "Wild Islands" in contrast to Tonga, which he
called Friendship Islands.
The missionary John Williams (1796–1839) tried in vain to convert the
islanders, despite his great proselytizing success in Samoa in the years after
his landing there in 1830. It should be mentioned that he was murdered on the
occasion of further proselytizing attempts on Vanuatu and then eaten.
It was not until missionaries from Samoa arrived in 1856 and 1849 that the
islanders were able to be Christianized. The first British missionary came to
the island in 1861.
20th century until today
In 1900 Niue became a British protectorate. A year later the island became
dependent territory of New Zealand.
On October 19, 1974 the Niue Constitution came into force and Niue thus became
independent, albeit in free association with New Zealand. The first Niues
embassy was opened on March 1st, 2001 in Wellington/New Zealand. In 2004,
Niue was badly hit by cyclone Heta.