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Santa Fe, New Mexico
Santa Fe is a city and capital of the state of New Mexico in the United
States. The city has 84,612 residents (U.S. Census, 2018) and forms a larger metropolitan
area with around 180,000 residents.
Located on the Santa Fe River in the northern Rio Grande Valley, the city is
at 2194 meters above sea level the highest state capital in the United
States. Santa Fe is New Mexico's fourth largest city, the oldest state capital
in the United States, and the nation's third oldest city.
Full name is "La Villa Real de Santa Fe de San Francisco de Asis" (The Royal
City of St. Francis of Assis's Sacred Faith). "Santa Fe" means "Holy Faith."
The city has had a steady population increase since 1920. 78.9 percent of the
population is white and 48.7 percent Hispanics (of Spanish or Latin American
Economics and culture
Tourism is the main trade route, partly due to the dry climate in summer and
a ski area a few miles north of the city in winter.
Santa Fe has several historic churches and buildings, and is both known for
the Spanish style and architecture of the pueblo population.
Museums and archaeological excavations are linked to a rich indigenous
culture. The Palace of the Governors (built in 1610) and former seat of the
Colony of New Mexico, was restored as a museum in 1914. Other museums in the
center include the New Mexico Museum of Art, the Museum of Contemporary Native
Art and the New Mexico History Museum. Museum and Indian Arts and Culture and
several other museums are located in the Museum Hill area.
The San Miguel Chapel was built in the 17th century, rebuilt in 1710 and
restored in 1955. Cathedral Basilica of St. Francis of Assisi was rebuilt in
1869–1887 where an older church had stood.
The renowned Santa Fe Opera (SFO) opened in 1957 and hosts concerts each year
in June, July and August. About the same time, the Santa Fe Chamber Music
Festival is held.
Santa Fe International Folk Art Market is held every second week of July in
Traditional pueblo architecture and Spanish building style were protected in
1958 and are distinctive building styles in Santa Fe.
Indigenous people lived for thousands of years in numerous pueblo villages
along the Rio Grande. The first white colonized area in 1598 and the leader Don
Juan de Oñate founded Santa Fe de Nuevo Mexico as a province of New Spain. The
city of Santa Fe was founded by Spanish Governor Don Pedro de Peralta in 1610
and made it the provincial capital.
Santa Fe was evacuated after a pueblo revolt in 1680, but was recaptured
under the leadership of Don Diego de Vargas in 1692. The city became Mexican in
1824. In the years that followed, it was developed a road train route (Santa Fe
Trail) between Independence in Missouri and Santa Fe. During the war
against Mexico, the city was occupied in 1846. In 1848, New Mexico was
surrendered to the United States and Santa Fe became the capital of New Mexico
territory in 1852. Santa Fe gained a railroad connection in 1880 and the city
continued mainly as a trading center for ranchers, farmers and indigenous
peoples.. Santa Fe became the state capital of New Mexico in 1912.