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Kansas City, Missouri
Kansas City is the largest city in the state of Missouri in the United
States with 491,918 residents (U.S. Census, 2018). The city is located west of
Missouri and borders west of the other city of the same name in the state
of Kansas. The two cities are part of a larger metropolitan area with
about 2.1 million residents.
Kansas City, Missouri is located in a bowl-shaped recess on the south side of
the Missouri and Kansas rivers (locally: Kaw River).
The name is after the Kansas River, by the indigenous word 'KaNze', which
means 'southern wind'.
59.2 percent of the population is non-Hispanic white, 10 percent
are Hispanic white, 2.5 percent are Asian, and 0.5 percent are North American
Apart from declining population in the period 1980-2000 and 1860-1870, the
population of the city has been increasing.
Economics and culture
Most people in Kansas City are employed in service industries. Among other
things, the city is one of the ten regional office cities of the U.S.
government. Many also work in education and in health care.
The city is an important communications and trade center in a rich
agricultural district. Among other things, it is traded
with grain, seeds and cattle. The industry includes grain storage (Kansas City
Board of Trade deals with wheat), dairies (Dairy Farmers of America is America's
largest cooperative), meat packing, meat and other food processing, automotive
production, manufacturing of human and animal medicines, and printing and
There are several universities, including The University of Missouri (opened
in 1963), and colleges.
The city has a number of art galleries, including the Nelson-Atkins Museum of
Art. Lone Jack Civil War Museum and Missouri Town 1855 famous museums. With more
than 200 fountains in activity, Kansas City is known as the "City of
Fountains." Liberty Memorial is a 66-meter high monument in memory of the First
World War. Swope Park has, among other things, open air theater.
The city is famous for the jazz style Kansas City jazz, which was developed
in the late 1920s and early 1930s, as well as other music. The Kansas City
Symphony is a well-known symphony orchestra. In 2018, Kansas City, as the only
U.S. city to date, was named by UNESCO the 'City of Music'.
The Kaufmann Center for the Performing Arts opened in 2011. There are several
theaters as well as the well-known Kansas City Ballet ballet company (founded
1957). The Crown Center cultural and business center opened in 1973. Swope Park
has open air theater and a zoo.
The Harry S. Truman Sports Complex with two stadiums houses the city's
football team (Arrowhead Stadium) and baseball team (Kaufmann Stadium).
Annual cultural events include Kansas City Film Fest in April, NASCAR on the
Kansas Speedway circuit in May, Heart of America Shakespeare Festival in
June-July, Wild West Days in October and WinterFest in November and December.
French fur traders were the first to settle permanently in the area in 1821.
In 1833, later the Westport neighborhood was constructed and flourished as a
center for the equipment of expeditions to the west. The place was called
Westport Landing, and it flourished as a river port and terminal for Oregon and
Santa Fe routes. In 1850, the town was named Town of Kansas. City status was
granted in 1853.
During the American Civil War in 1861-1865, the city was divided and the site
of several meetings. In 1865, the city was given a railroad to St. Louis, and a
railroad bridge across the Missouri River opened in 1869. It connected with the
Hannibal and St. Joseph railroad and a strong population growth followed. To
distinguish the city from the territory of the same name, the city name was
changed to Kansas City in 1889 and the city boundaries were expanded to the
south and east.
In 1940-1960 Kansas City's area was twice as large, but the population
increased by only 70,000 residents. The 1960s were characterized by racial
riots, especially after the assassination of Martin Luther King in 1968. The
decade was characterized by sluming of the inner city, while the city continued
During a dance performance in 1981, 114 people were killed and more than 200
injured after two floors of the Hyatt Regency walkway collapsed. Since 2000,
parts of Kansas City have undergone extensive redevelopment and renewal. Among
other things, the Kansas City Power & Light District (P&L) downtown office,
retail and entertainment area was built in 2005-2008.