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state of Massachusetts? Here is a full list of both public and private
community colleges within
Boston is a city in the northeastern United States which is the capital and
largest city in Massachusetts. It is located at the mouth of the Charles River
and Mystic Rivers in the middle of Massachusetts Bay. The city has 685,094
residents, forming the core of the Greater Boston (Boston – Worcester –
Providence) city region with 8,233,270,270 (U.S. Census, 2017).
Boston is the center of New England 's business and cultural life. The harbor
is one of the most important on the Atlantic coast. Imports comprise significant
raw materials, including wool, cotton, leather, coal and oil. Exports consist of
finished goods, especially the fishing industry is considerable. Business is
dominated by finance, insurance and trade. The industry is multifaceted with
printing and publishing, food industry, textile and clothing industry and tool
industry. The weapons and electronics industry, which has expanded rapidly since
1960, is largely located in the suburbs, especially along the Route 128 ring
road.and Research Row in Cambridge. International Airport (Logan
Airport) east of downtown.
Boston is an exceptionally rich educational center. Already in 1635, the city
received the country's first public school, Boston Public Latin School. The
city has several universities, including Boston University,
founded in 1869, and Northeastern University, founded in 1898.
In Cambridge, on the other side of the Charles River, lies the
world-famous Harvard University, founded in 1636, the Massachusetts
Institute of Technology (MIT) and Radcliffe College. for women,
now affiliated with Harvard University. Over 50 other higher education places
are found in the urban area, including some of the country's best university
Boston has a number of libraries, museums and art collections. The Boston
Symphony Orchestra, founded in 1881, is among the most reputable in the
world. The same goes for the Boston Pops Orchestra. Boston's prominent
position in American cultural life has brought the city nicknamed America's
Athens, a term it particularly deserved in the second half of the 19th century,
when Longfellow, Emerson, Lowell and Thoreau shone the city.
The city has Catholic Archdiocese and Protestant (Episcopal) Diocese. Center
for the Units of America and the home of the Christian Science movement, with
the well-known newspaper Christian Science Monitor.
According to U.S. conditions, Boston has many old buildings, including Christ
Church (1723), Old State House (1748), Faneuil Hall (1762), State
Capitol (1798), Roman Catholic and Protestant Cathedral, and the U.S.
Custom House. Despite building many large business and office complexes in the
1960s and 1970s, such as the tall John Hancock Tower,
the central parts of the city still have many narrow and crooked streets. Narrow
Washington Street is still one of the main shopping streets. West of the city
center are some of the most attractive residential areas, Beacon Hill and Back
Bay, with typical architecture from the first and second half of the 19th
Boston Common and the large Franklin Park with a zoo are among the city's
most famous parks. Several bridges connect Boston with Cambridge and the other
suburbs north of the Charles River.
After the Massachusetts Bay Company was founded in 1630, Boston
became the cultural and financial center of the expanding colony. The town was
built on the Shawmut Peninsula and got its name from Boston, England,
from which several of the colonists came, including Governor John Winthrop and
their first husband Isaac Johnson. The city played a leading role in the events
culminating in the American War of Independence.
Already in 1770 there was a rally against the English soldiers (the Boston
Massacre). On December 16, 1773, the famous casting of English charges at the
Boston Tea Party took place, and on June 17, 1775, the first major blow occurred
on Bunker Hill in Charlestown. March 17, 1776, Washington entered Boston. After
the revolution, Boston became the cultural and intellectual center of the United
The strong industrialization until the mid-19th century led to a
deterioration of social conditions. A large working class developed, and most of
them were Irish immigrants who came after the great famine of the 1840s. By the
end of the American Civil War, Boston was the fourth largest industrial city in
the country. At the same time, the city lost its cultural leadership to New
The importance of the city diminished during the first half of the 20th
century, and Boston, after World War II, had major housing problems with a
significant slum. The federal authorities have provided special emergency funds,
and the city has significantly improved its financial situation in recent
decades, including through the development of a new high-tech industry based on
the vast expertise available in the area.