Madagascar - the second largest island nation
Madagascar is the fourth largest island in the world and is located off the
east coast of Mozambique in the Indian Ocean. The island has a coastline of
around 4,830 km. After Indonesia, Madagascar is the second largest island nation
in the world in terms of area. Madagascar was a French colony until 1960 and
became independent on June 26, 1960.
However, the plight of the population, which is very poor in itself, is
relatively minor, as they have been feeding on what the land has produced for
centuries. Madagascar is reluctant to open up to the tourism industry, which is
why there are still relatively few travelers in the country.
Of the eight species of the baobab that exist worldwide, six grow on this
About 85% of the animals found in Madagascar live only on this insect, so they
Because of the sometimes extremely unsanitary conditions in parts of the
country, there are numerous rats whose fleas repeatedly cause the plague -
mostly bubonic plague - to break out among humans.
In October 2017, however, there were also frequent diseases with the extremely
infectious lung plague, which, if left untreated, ends relatively quickly and
practically 100% fatal
|Name of the country
||Repoblikan'i Madagasikara (Malagasy)
République de Madagascar (French)
|Form of government
||Madagascar is off the African east coast,
south of the equator in the Indian Ocean.
||Ry Tanindrazanay Malala ô
||about 27 million (Credit:
||18 ethnic groups. The three largest ethnic groups
are the Merina (25%), the Betsimisaraka (15%) and
the Betsileo (12%).
||about 8 million Christians, about 1.4 million Muslims and about 1%
The majority - around half - of the residents believe in natural
religions, which determine the life and customs of the Malagasy people.
||Malagasy and French.
||Maromokotro with a height of 2,886 m
||Mangoky with a length of 560 km
||Alaotra Lake with an area of 220 km²
|International license plate
|Time difference to CET
||+ 2 h
|International phone code
|Mains voltage, frequency
||110 and 220 volts
(alternating current with French sockets)
|Internet TLD (Top Level Domain)
From the year 1000 to the 17th century
The earliest settlers were sailors from Indonesia and Malaysia around 2,000
Abbreviationfinder website, Madagascar was discovered by Portuguese sailors in the 15th century.
From the 16th century, smaller kingdoms developed in Madagascar. The first
immigrants belonged to the Vazimba ethnic group.
The most important dynasty were the Maroseranana, who were of Arab origin. The
predominance of the Merina ethnic group in Madagascar was defended until the end
of the 18th century.
The orally transmitted "history of the kings" of the Merina, who lived on the
highlands, mentions seven and eleven rulers. The rule only came to an end with
the French colonization.
In the 20th century
In 1942 the British sent troops to Madagascar, but in 1943 handed control
to France. Madagascar's independence was proclaimed on June 26, 1960 and the
Republic of Madagascar became an independent nation.
The conservative regime of the First Republic was replaced in 1975 by a
Marxist-oriented and dictatorial regime. The country soon fell into social and
financial ruin. Corruption, manipulation and unrest continued until 2002.
In 2001 the African Union sent a mediator delegation to Madagascar to provide
assistance on political issues. Since 2002, the situation in Madagascar has
largely calmed down.