Kenya - the jewel of East Africa
Kenya - a wonderful country in East Africa.
The Swabian missionary Ludwig Krapf brought the Mombasa dialect Kiswahili into
writing. In doing so, he created the basis for the rapid rise of Swahili to
become the language of commerce and trade in East Africa. In addition to
English, Swahili is still the official language in Kenya today.
Krapf's translation of the Bible has also left its mark - around 70 percent
of Kenyans are Christians today.
Kenya has now been able to free itself from the colonial influences of
Europe. After the so-called Mau Mau uprising had led the insurgents to
internment camps instead of freedom in the 1950s, Kenya gained independence from
the British Crown in 1963. In the mid-1980s the political situation in Kenya
became increasingly unstable. Up until the last few years there were repeated
student unrest, which was motivated by repressive domestic politics. In
addition, there were frequent ethnic conflicts.
Barack Hussein Obama Sr., the father of the 44th President of the USA, Barack
Obama, comes from Alego, Kenya, from the Luos tribe. November 6th was declared a
national holiday because of Obama's election of President Mwai Kibaki.
|Name of the country
||Republic of Kenya
|Form of government
||Ee Mungu Nguvu Yetu
|Head of state
||President Mwai Kibaki
||approx. 50 million residents (Credit:
||Members of 42 African tribes, with the Kikuyu making up more than
20% of the population
||Natural religions, Christians and Muslims
||Swahili and English as well as over 30 other languages
||Mount Kenya with an altitude of 5,199 m
||Tana with a length of 710 km
||Lake Victoria with an area of 69,485 km², together with Uganda and
|International license plate
|Time difference to CET
||+ 2 h
|International phone code
||220/240 volts and 50 Hertz
(Three-pin plugs are used. An adapter is therefore required.)
|Internet TLD (Top Level Domain)
Until the 19th century
Since the birth of Christ, Nilotic and Bantu-speaking peoples have settled in
what is now Kenya. Arab traders founded trading branches on the coast around the
year 1000. These cities became extremely wealthy by 1300 and were part of an
Abbreviationfinder website, since the middle of the 15th century, the Portuguese increasingly ousted the
Arab traders. In 1728 the Portuguese were expelled by the Arabs and from 1837
the "Sultan of Zanzibar" ruled the country. In 1885, at the Berlin Conference,
the European powers divided East Africa among themselves. Ten years later the
British expanded their influence to the "Protectorate of East Africa" and in
1920 Kenya became a British crown colony.
20th century until today
In the years 1951-1955 the Mau Mau uprising broke out, which led to Kenya
becoming independent under Prime Minister Kenyatta in 1963. In 1964 the Republic
of Kenya was founded. In 1969, Jomo Kenyatta, the hero of the struggle for
independence, banned the country's only opposition party. In 1978 Daniel Arap
Moi became head of government.
From 1985 onwards there were several student unrest. The murder of Foreign
Minister Ouko in 1990 with the presumed participation of Moi confidants and the
arrest of critics of the regime led to financial sanctions from abroad in
1991. By then, Kenya had experienced continuous economic growth.
In 1992 tribal conflicts between the Kalenijn and Luo began with the
Kikuyu. First elections with a multi-party system repeatedly led to a victory
While the domestic political climate was dominated by corruption scandals and
ethnic conflicts, the economic situation deteriorated. There was serious student
unrest in Nairobi. From 1993 onwards, the influx of refugees from the crisis
areas, especially in Somalia, additionally burdened Kenya's economy. In 1994
tribal conflicts broke out again. In 1995 there was an international criticism
of the human rights violations in Kenya. Nevertheless, there were bloody clashes
with students over the electoral system in 1997 and tribal fighting on the coast
of Mombasa in 1998.
In December 2002 Mwai Kibaki was elected as the new president of the country
with the promise of an early constitutional amendment. After the draft
constitution, which aims to democratize the political situation, failed in
parliament in July 2005, demonstrations and street battles broke out in Nairobi,
Kisumu and Mombasa. Kibaki belongs to the Kikuyu ethnic group, who make up more
than a fifth of the population in Kenya.
In the election on December 27, 2007, he was allegedly re-elected president
with a majority of just 200,000 votes against his rival Raila Odinga. The
election result was officially announced by the chairman of the election
commission on December 30th. According to all independent election observers,
the "election" was a fake. And unrest promptly broke out that cost many lives
and were brutally slaughtered by the President's soldiers. In February 2008, the
various ethnic groups used gun violence against one another. Almost the entire
tourism industry collapsed within a few weeks.
But in April 2008 the two rivals came to a joint government, in which Kibaki
became president and Odinga became head of government. The government cabinet
consisted of a total of 40 ministers - the largest in Africa.