Georgia - a country on the move
Georgia has always been the economic, political and cultural borderland
between the Orient and the Occident, not least of course because it is
geographically on the border between Europe and Asia. After Georgia regained
independence from Russia in 1991, Georgian tourism tries a fresh start. The
cities of Tbilisi or Kutaisi, the seaside resorts of Batumi and Kobeleti on the
Black Sea and the Caucasian mountain regions are all worth seeing travel
destinations. Georgia is an attractive destination for cultural travelers.
Countless churches, monasteries, fortresses and cave towns reflect the exciting
history of the country.
On August 8, 2008 - the opening date of the Olympic Games in Beijing -
Georgia attacked South Ossetia, which was striving for independence, allegedly
to restore the country's unity. However, the Russian intervention turned the
attack into a disaster for Georgia. And just a few days later, Georgia had to
withdraw its troops and declare a unilateral ceasefire. In the course of the
conflict, the Georgian units were quickly put to flight - many are said to have
actually run away from the Russians. And on August 13, the clashes were over
again - not least due to the consistent action of the Russians. Serious
atrocities are said to have occurred in South Ossetia after the Georgian
invasion. Russia speaks of over 2.
But the country has now stabilized and is on the right track.
|Name in the national language
|Description in German
|Form of government
||Eastern Europe, on the border with Asia
||about 4.5 million (Credit:
||Georgian Orthodox Apostle Church and religious communities of
Armenians, Muslims, Catholics, Protestants and Jews.
||Georgian; Minority languages: Megrelian, Abkhazian, Armenian, Azeri
||approx. 69,700 kmē
||Shchara, in the Greater Caucasus at 5,068 meters
||Mtkvari with 1507 km, it was called Kura in Soviet times.
|Largest lake in area
||Paravani with 38 kmē
|International license plate
||Lari (GEL), 1 Lari is 100 Tetri
|Time difference to CET
||Depending on the part of the country +2 to +3 h
|International phone code
|Mains voltage, frequency
||220 volts, 50 hertz
Before the year 1000
In the first few centuries, Christianity gradually invaded Georgia, which
became an official religion in the first half of the 4th century. Around 500
Tbilisi became the capital. During the 5th and 6th centuries there were repeated
battles between Byzantium and Persia for supremacy in Georgia. The rule of the
Arabs over the Georgian small states lasted until 975.
From the year 1000 to the 17th century
Abbreviationfinder website, in the centuries that followed, Georgia suffered constant attacks from the
Romans, Persians, Byzantines, Arabs and Turks, who devastated the country and
took control of it. In the 11th and 12th centuries, King Davit succeeded in
liberating the country from the Turks. In 1122 the Georgian army recaptured the
capital Tbilisi. Under Davit IV, Georgia became one of the most important
political powers in the Middle East.
At the end of the 12th century, Queen Tamara ruled the country. Georgia emerged
from the victorious wars of her reign as the strongest military power in the
Middle East. Its borders now extended from the Black Sea to the Caspian Sea.
The high civilization of Georgia in the 12th and 13th centuries ended with the
Mongol invasions. Mongol rule lasted until the 14th century. From the 16th to
the 18th centuries, the Ottomans and Persians fought for supremacy in Georgia.
In the 18th and 19th centuries
In 1783, King Irakli II, oppressed by Persia and the Ottoman Empire,
submitted to the patronage of Russian Tsarina Catherine II. In 1801 Georgia was
annexed by Russia, which meant the end of the Georgian monarchy.
In 1917, after the October Revolution, Georgia, Armenia and Azerbaijan
initially formed a Trans-Caucasian union ("Sejm"). The German Reich supported
the formation of a "Caucasus bloc" with Georgia as its center.
On May 26, 1918, the Democratic Republic of Georgia was established. Some of the
national minorities previously under Russian protectorate refused to recognize
the country's independence. In some regions there were uprisings, which were
supported by Soviet Russian troops and put down by the Djordania government.
After a short time, the Russian Red Army attacked Georgia and occupied the
country. On February 25, 1921, Soviet power was proclaimed in Georgia. So
Georgia came into the federation of the Soviet Union and became a socialist
In March 1989 there were demonstrations against the Communist Party (KP) and for
Georgian independence. Georgia has been independent again since 1991.
In 1992 Abkhazia declared itself independent, which resulted in the invasion of
Georgian troops in Abkhazia and the start of a war. In 1993 the Georgian forces
in Abkhazia were completely defeated.
Shevardnadze became president in 1992 and remained so until 2003. In the course
of the so-called Rose Revolution in November 2003, opposition demonstrators
stormed the session of the Georgian parliament, which had been established as a
result of electoral fraud, and expelled President Shevardnadze. Mikhail
Saakashvili (born 1967) was elected President on January 4th and sworn in on
January 25th. Due to early elections in January 2008, he was re-elected with
around 53.4% of the votes.
On August 8, 2008 - the day the Beijing Olympics opened - Georgia attacked
breakaway South Ossetia in order to restore the country's unity. The attack
turned into a disaster for Georgia due to the intervention of the Russians. And
just a few days later, Georgia withdrew its troops and unilaterally declared a
ceasefire. In the course of the conflict, even suburbs of Tbilisi were bombed by
Russian bombers. On 12/13. August the fighting was also stopped by the Russian
side. From this point on, it can hardly be expected that Abkhazia and Susosetia
will return to the Georgian state in the foreseeable future. The big winner of
the conflict is Russia.