The Dominican Republic, also known as Dom Rep for short, is located on the
eastern part of the island of Hispaniola and is one of the most popular holiday
areas in the Caribbean. On the other part of the island is Haiti.
The dream island is characterized by a very beautiful and very different
nature. White beaches with palm trees and turquoise water await the visitor as
well as the 3,000 meter mountains of the Cordilleras.
The country is still culturally influenced by Spanish. Since the discovery of
the island by Christopher Columbus in 1492, Spanish has been spoken, albeit with
its own dialect. Even old colonial buildings still bear witness to the
settlement of the island by the Spaniards. Above all, the country offers
visitors a colorful and cheerful backdrop.
|Name of the country
|Form of government
||Eastern part of the island of Hispaniola in the Caribbean
||approx. 10.8 million (Credit:
Countryaah: Dominican Republic Population)
||approx. 60% mulattos, 28% white and 12% black
||about 90% Catholics and minorities of Protestants, Baha'i and Jews.
||Pico Duarte with a height of 3,175 m
||Yaque del Norte, Yaque del Sur, Ozama, Yuna, Artibonito
|International license plate
||Dominican Peso = 100 Centavos
|Time difference to CET
||- 6 h
|International phone code
|Mains voltage, frequency
||110-120 volts, 60 hertz
|Internet TLD (Top Level Domain)
Dominican Republic: history
From the year 1000 to the 17th century
The Carib tribe dominated the island until 1492. They had
come to the island from Guyana in the 13th century and made life difficult for
the native Tainos.
Abbreviationfinder website, on December 5, 1492, Christopher Columbus was the first European to set foot on
the island and named it Hispaniola (Little Spain). Until 1500 the cities of La Navidad in what is now Haiti, La Isabela and Santo Domingo were founded. In 1502
the so-called "Encomedia System" was introduced, which provided for Indian
forced labor in the island's gold mines. In 1533 there was the only major
uprising of the Indians against the occupiers, but it was suppressed. The
Dominican friar Bartolomé de las Casas fought for the rights of
the native Indians from 1542 and achieved the implementation of new laws that
forbade the Indians to be inherited as forced laborers when land was
awarded. The result was that slaves were imported from Africa. In 1550 the last
Tainos died out. After the gold mines were largely exhausted, the Spaniards
moved on to the Central and South American mainland. The island of Hispaniola
was almost completely depopulated as a result.
English and French pirates established themselves on the island in the 17th
century. In 1697 the western part of Hispaniola (today's Haiti) fell to France.
In the 18th and 19th centuries
In 1795 the eastern part of the island (today's Dominican Republic) was ceded
In 1801 Francois Dominique Toussant l´Ouverture proclaimed the
island's independence, but was arrested by the French.
Uprisings broke out again three years later. On December 8th, 1804, Jean Jaques
Dessalines proclaimed himself Emperor Jacob I of Haiti and
forced the French to withdraw from the island. In 1809 East Hispaniola was
recaptured by the Spaniards, but in 1822 the Haitian President occupied the
eastern part and united the island parts into one state.
From 1835, however, came an independence movement in the eastern
part of the island, which advocated an independent republic. On February 27,
1844, independence fighters stormed Santo Domingo and proclaimed the first
Dominican Republic. Between 1861 and 1865, Spain was the protecting power
of the Dominican Republic, but it was fought in the so-called Restoration
Wars. In 1865 the second republic was proclaimed after the Spaniards
were expelled. A motion by the Dominican government to make the Dominican
Republic a US state was rejected by the American Senate. In the following years,
however, there was a high level of debt with the USA, so that the latter took
over customs sovereignty over the Dominican Republic in 1905.
In the 20th and 21st centuries
A treaty of 1907 provided for US absolute financial control over the
republic. American troops occupied the Dominican Republic from 1916 to 1924, but
eventually withdrew peacefully. From 1924 the period of the third republic
began. It was not until 1962 that there were free elections with the first
freely elected President of the Dominican Republic.
Just a year later, the military staged a coup, which resulted in a civil war
that lasted until 1965. In 1965 the situation calmed down and a new government
could be elected. Since then, the Dominican Republic has been a stable state.