Denmark - land of the little mermaid
Today's Denmark is the land of the "little mermaid", Lego
bricks and the land of Hamlets.
Denmark is a liberal country with an absolutely stable parliamentary
democracy. The head of state is a king or a queen. The head of government is a
prime minister elected by parliament.
Denmark consists of over 400 islands, many of which are uninhabited due to their
size and invite you to visit. Due to its geography, its climate and its people,
the country is extremely suitable as a holiday destination, be it in a holiday
bus, a guesthouse, a hotel, by (sailing) boat, caravan, as a hiker in a tent or
by bike. It is particularly suitable for families with (small) children. The
country covers an area (excluding Greenland) of around 43,000 km2 with around
5.48 million residents. The capital is Copenhagen with around 1.83 million
The national language is Danish. In Jutland, however, German is also spoken
and in Greenland and the Faroe Islands a separate language is spoken.
Despite Denmark's EU membership, the currency is not the euro, but the Danish
krone. It should be noted that Denmark has a relatively high price level, but
you can still vacation there relatively cheaply with your own initiative and a
In 1989, Denmark was the first country in the world to establish a civil
union between same-sex couples (registered partnership). On June 7, 2012, with a
majority of 85 against 24, parliament voted for a law that made marriage
possible for same-sex couples and also legalized church weddings.
|Name in Danish
||Kongeriget Danmark (Kingdom of Denmark)
|Form of government
||parliamentary democracy with a king as head of state
||The country is located north and northeast of Germany in Scandinavia
||Denmark has two national anthems, a civil one: "Der er et yndigt
land" and a royal one: "Kong Christian stod ved højen mast"
|Head of state
||Queen Margrethe II (since January 15, 1972)
||5.6 million (Credit:
||Around 95% are Danes, 1.5% Asians and, surprisingly, only 0.5%
Scandinavians. The rest is spread over a wide variety of nations or
||approx. 83% Evangelical Lutheran, 2% other Christian churches,
4% Muslim, around 10% without church membership
||Danish as the official language
||Copenhagen with approx. 550,000 residents
||without Greenland: 43,094 km²
with Greenland: 2,218,694 km²
||Yding Skorhøj, 171 m
||Gudena, 160 km
||Arresee with an area of about 41 km²
|International license plate
||Danish crown = 100 Øre
|Time difference to CET
|International phone code
|Mains voltage, frequency
||230 volts, 50 hertz
|Internet Top Level Domain (TLD)
Before the year 1000
The oldest traces of human settlement in Denmark can be traced back to the
end of the last Ice Age around 12,500 BC. lead back. Agriculture and permanent
settlements formed in the New Stone Age (3,900 BC). The first cities emerged
from AD 400-750. The consolidation of the first central power began at the same
time as the decline of the Merovingian empire around 700 under a king named
Angantyr and was completed under Harald I (910-987), who is known as "The Blue
Tooth". The founding of this kingdom was recorded in writing in the rune stone
of Jelling in Jutland at the end of the ninth century. The word Denmark was
mentioned in writing for the first time here.
Abbreviationfinder website, around 800 the Vikings, who soon became known and feared in Europe, began their
expeditions of conquest and discovery. As a result, Danish kings were able to
establish their power in England, Ireland, France and even Russia. In France,
Viking chiefs received fiefs from Frankish princes. Normandy was the best known
of these fiefdoms.
From the year 1000 to the 17th century
Denmark is the oldest existing kingdom in Europe in this form. The oldest
known Viking king is probably Godfred, who ruled until around 810.
From 950 there is a continuous king succession in Denmark. Knud IV the Great
established a high point of Danish power. (Reign: 1080-1086) with the conquest
of all of England. In north and east England many place names still refer to the
earlier conquerors. Knud became king of Norway and parts of Sweden.
From 1380 to 1814 Denmark was united in the personal union with Norway, from
1389 to 1523 also with Sweden in the so-called Kalmar Union. In the centuries
from 1660 to 1848 Denmark ruled an absolutist monarchy. In the Treaty of
Copenhagen in 1660, Denmark ceded the southern Swedish possessions east of the
Sound and suffered defeat in the struggle for supremacy in the Baltic Sea.
In the 18th and 19th centuries
Due to its geographical location, Denmark played an important political and
economic role in the Baltic Sea region in the 18th century. At the beginning of
the Napoleonic Wars, Denmark was neutral. In 1801 and 1807 the English navy
attacked Copenhagen. Denmark then merged with France.
The English robbed the Danish war and merchant fleets in 1814/15. After the
alliance with Napoleon, Denmark had to cede Norway to Sweden and Heligoland to
England after seven years of war at the peace negotiations, the Congress of
Vienna and the Kiel Peace Treaty. Denmark received the Duchy of Lauenburg and
parts of Schleswig Holstein.
In 1849 Denmark got a new constitution and with it the introduction of a
constitutional monarchy. In the years 1863 and 1864 the Schleswig Wars took
place and caused the loss of the duchies of Schleswig and Holstein, which were
linked in personal union. That was almost a third of the area and the
In the 20th century
In 1915 the democratic constitution and thus the right to vote for women was
introduced. The West Indian Virgin Islands were sold to the United States in
1917 after negotiations. In 1918 the real union with Iceland was ended, in 1944
the personal union ended.
Denmark remained neutral during the First World War, but won back most of
Schleswig through a referendum on the basis of the Versailles Treaty. Denmark
was occupied by German troops during World War II. Wilhelm Buhl became the first
Prime Minister after the German occupation in 1945. Denmark is a founding member
of the United Nations Organization from 1945.
In 1949 it joined NATO, in 1950 it joined the Council of Europe. In 1953
there was a constitutional amendment to introduce female succession and the
abolition of the Landsting, the 2nd Parliamentary Chamber.
Denmark joined the EC in 1973 (excluding the Faroe Islands; Greenland left
the EC in 1982).
In 1979 Greenland became self-governing.
Denmark is a founding member of the 1992 Baltic Sea Council, but rejected the
Maastricht Treaty in a referendum. In 1993, the Maastricht Treaty was approved
with the four Edinburgh reservations (internal and external security, euro,
In 1998, Denmark, together with the Secretary General of the United Nations,
took the initiative to create a permanent United Nations Emergency Brigade based
in Copenhagen (SHIRBRIG). In 2000 the introduction of the euro was rejected in a
In 2002, the decision to expand the EU to the east was answered positively at
the European Council in Copenhagen under the Danish EU Council
Presidency. Denmark showed military engagement on the side of the USA in the
Iraq war in 2003 and participated in the reconstruction of Iraq.
Crown Prince Frederik and Crown Princess Mary married on May 13, 2004.