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Colorado Springs, Colorado
Colorado Springs is the second largest city in the state of Colorado in
the United States with 472,688 residents (U.S. Census, 2018). The city is part
of a larger metropolitan area with about 739,000 residents.
Colorado Springs is located about 1,800 feet above sea level at the foot
of Pikes Peak Mountain east of the Southern Rocky Mountains. The town is on the
small Fountain Creek river, 97 miles south of Denver.
The name is from sources along Monument Creek and dates from 1879.
78.8 percent of the population is non-Hispanic white, 16.1 percent
are Hispanic white, 6.3 percent are African American, 3.0 percent are Asian,
and North American Indigenous people make up 1.0 percent.
Colorado Springs had a strong increase in population between 1880 and 1910,
as well as between 1950 and 2000, and it has been steadily rising.
Economics and culture
The main industries are defense institutions, high-tech industry
and tourism. There are several large military installations, including air
campaign school United States Air Force Academy and the headquarters
of NORAD (North American Aerospace Defense Command). In the surrounding areas
are four air force bases. Important players in the development and operation of
defense equipment include Northrop Grumman and Lockheed Martin. Much of the
city's economy relies on high-tech equipment manufacturing companies, including
Verizon Business, the Storage Networking Industry Association and Microchip
Technology. Tourism is the third largest employer. The service sector is
The headquarters of the United States Olympic Committee and the United States
Olympic and Paralympic Training Center as well as several national sports
federations are located in Colorado Springs.
There are five universities and several colleges in Colorado Springs. Farther
west lies the Nature Park Garden of the Gods. There are several major parks,
including Monument Valley Park, Austin Bluffs Park, Palmer Park and Memorial
Park. The Urban Trail System is an extensive system of trails in the city for
walking, running and cycling.
Annual cultural events include PrideFest in July, Pikes Peak Ascent and
Marathon in late summer and The Colorado Springs Festival of Lights in December.
There are a number of annual music events and several theaters in Colorado
Springs. Of operas include the Opera Theater of the Rockies and Colorado
Among the many frequently visited museums are the National Museum of World
War II Aviation, the Penrose Heritage Museum, the Colorado Springs Museum and
the ProRodeo Hall of Fame.
Arapaho -, out - and Cheyenne guys were the first known residents of the
area. Early settlers organized Old Colorado City where Fountain Creek and Camp
Creek merge during a gold rush in 1859, and the site was the capital of Colorado
territory from 1861 to 1862, when Denver took over as its capital. Founded as
the resort of Colorado Springs by General William Jackson Palmer in 1871,
Fountain Colony got a railroad connection to Denver that year. The site was
visited by, English tourists who sought out dry climates, lots of sunshine and
Colorado Springs gained city status in 1886 and grew strongly following gold
finds at Cripple Creek outside the city in 1891. In 1892, the Pike National
Forest was established near the city. In 1917, Old Colorado City was merged with
Military presence marked Colorado Springs during World War II, and its
presence expanded in the decades that followed. The NORAD headquarters was
established near Colorado Springs in 1958.
The University of Colorado Colorado Springs was established in 1965. In 1977,
the former Ent Air Force Base on Knob Hill became an Olympic training center. In
1981 and 2008, several areas that increased the city's area were annexed.