Cape Verde - A paradise for windsurfers
Around 520,000 people live on Cape Verde, while around 700,000 live
abroad. The economic conditions in the Cape Verde Islands are poor. There are no
significant natural raw materials and hardly any precipitation.
The limited cultivation area on the islands is insufficient to feed the
population. About 20 percent of the gross domestic product is provided by the
Cape Verdeans living abroad, who transfer money to their relatives.
Before the Portuguese began to settle the archipelago in western Africa in
1460, Cape Verde was not yet populated. But the largest area of the Cape Verde
Islands, Santiago, quickly revived. Initially a contact point for further
expeditions to Africa, the island soon became a significant "transshipment
point" for African slaves. The "natives" of European descent mixed with their
house slaves over the years. Today about 70 percent of Cape Verdean's population
With the end of slavery in America in 1875, the heyday of the Cape Verde
Islands came to an end. Only 100 years later did the archipelago gain
independence. Today the democratically elected government is trying to bring
about an economic upswing through the targeted expansion of tourism. It should
not be forgotten that Cape Verde is a paradise for windsurfers.
|Name of the country
||República de Cabo Verde
|Name in German
|| Republic of Cabo Verde (Cape Verde)
|Form of government
||Cape Verde consists of 15 islands in the Atlantic about 600 km from
the West African coast (Senegal),
nine of which are inhabited.
||Cântico da Liberdade
||550,000 on the nine islands and around 700,000 abroad (Credit:
Cape Verde Population)
||around 70% mulattos, around 28% blacks, the rest white and others.
||around 94% of the population are catholic, the rest are protestants,
witnesses to jehovah and various natural religions
||"Pico do Fogo" volcano 2,829 m
|International license plate
||Cape Verde Escudo
|Time difference to CET
|Internet TLD (Top Level Domain)
Cape Verde: history
By the end of the 19th century
The islands were discovered by Portuguese seafarers in 1456, before Columbus
sailed on America. There is no evidence that any human life existed on the
islands prior to that time. The first people settled there in 1460 and in 1532
the islands received their own diocese. Over the centuries that followed, the
Portuguese who later settled there imported African slaves. At that time they
wanted to build Africa's first "white city" on the island of Santiago. It was
today's Cidade Velher. After the final abolition of slavery in America in 1875,
Santiago's heyday ended as a hub for slaves from Africa to America.
20th and 21st centuries
Abbreviationfinder website, in 1963 an eleven-year guerrilla war began against the Portuguese colonial
power, which was mainly supported by the former Soviet Union, the GDR and Cuba
and was only waged in what is now Guinea-Bissau.
After the Portuguese Salazar dictatorship collapsed in 1974, Cape Verde
gained independence from Portugal on July 5, 1975. Initially, an authoritarian
one-party state was established. However, in 1990 the constitution was amended
to set up a multi-party system as a parliamentary democracy.