Benin - The former Dahomey
The Republic of Benin is located on the Gulf of Guinea in western Africa.
The coast, however, is only 102 km long, from where the country
between Togo and Nigeria stretches almost like a tube to the north.
Until 1975, Benin was called "Dahomey" after the kingdom of Dahomey, which
existed in the area from the 17th to the 19th centuries and was particularly
rich in the slave trade with European countries. After it was conquered by the
French, Dahomey became a part of West Africa.
It has been independent since 1960. The Voodoo cult, which is very popular here
and to which around 50% of the population follow, arose in this country.
|Name of the country
||Republic of Benin
|Form of government
||West Africa, it stretches in a north-south direction
||approx. 12 million residents (Credit:
||Fon, Yoruba, Adja, Batanou, Somba and others african. people
||50% natural religions, including Voodoo; 30% Christians and 20% Muslims
||French, Fon, Yoruba, Dendi, Bariba, Ge and around 50 other regional languages
|Capital, seat of government
||Porto Novo with approx. 225,000 residents, the seat of government is Cotonou with approx. 1 million residents
||Mont Sokbaro with 658 m height
||Ouéme with a length of about 400 km
|International license plate
|Time difference to CET
|International phone code
||220 volts and 50 hertz
|Internet TLD (Top Level Domain)
In the 17th and 18th centuries
In the 17th century the kingdom of Dahomey was established, which extended to
the coast around 1720. The basis of its great wealth was the slave trade with
In the 19th century
Abbreviationfinder website, in 1894 the French conquered the empire, which from 1899 became a partial
colony of West Africa.
In the 20th century
In 1958 Dahomey became an autonomous republic within the French community. It
became a fully independent republic two years later. A phase of political and
economic instability followed with numerous changes of government, military
coups and constitutional changes. The coup d'état by Major Mathieu Kérékou in
1974 led to the introduction of Marxism-Leninism as a state ideology, which
brought among other things a one-party system and nationalization. In 1975 the
Republic of Dahomey was renamed the People's Republic of Benin.
The catastrophic economic situation caused unrest in the population in
1989/90, which led to the convening of a national conference under the direction
of Archbishop de Souza. Guidelines for a new democratic beginning were laid, a
presidential democracy was established and the market economy was introduced. On
December 11, 1990, the new constitution came into force. After a temporary
defeat, however, Kérékou prevailed again in the second presidential election in
March 1996. He was also re-elected in March 2001. The first local elections in
Benin took place in December 2002, an important step in the decentralization of
the country. In the fourth parliamentary elections in March 2003, the parties
supporting President Kérékou won, while the opposition had a majority in
parliament until then.
In mid-April 2005, after around ten years of educational work (primarily by
the German association (I) NTACT), the circumcision of women and girls in Benin